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The body is plagued with a number of infections and diseases. Some of them have a cure and a person suffering from them can get relief, following a proper treatment. But unfortunately there are some diseases, like cancer that haven't got a cure as yet and individuals contracting them may have to suffer a lot. These incurable diseases can also result in an early death. Cancer occurs when a group of cells in the body begin to multiply at a breakneck pace in an abnormal manner. There are four stages of cancer, based on the spread of the disease to other parts of the body. The final stage or fourth stage of cancer is when the cancerous cells have spread to other organs of the body, thereby destroying the healthy tissue. This can cause deterioration of health, which may eventually lead to the person succumbing to this deadly disease. The stages of cancer are determined according to the spread of the cancerous cells in the body. The final stage of cancer is considered to be the advanced stage of this disease and treatment is provided to increase the life expectancy of the affected individual.
What is Stage 4 Throat Cancer
One of the main reasons of throat cancer is overexposure to alcohol and tobacco. These two substances contain toxins, which trigger the abnormal growth of cells in the throat. When the cells in the throat undergo genetic mutation, it can lead to the occurrence of throat cancer. It can also affect the vocal cords, which are located behind the throat. An individual suffering from throat cancer may experience pain and also undergo voice changes. Stage 4 throat cancer is the advanced stage of cancer, where the cells have affected other parts like the lungs, breast and stomach. In this stage, the disease is almost irreversible and treatment may just prolong the life of the patient. The stage 4 throat cancer prognosis is made based on various factors. This is stage 4 cancer of the throat. The stage 4 throat cancer survival rate is somewhat positive and the chances of survival are almost 30 percent.
What is Stage 4 Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is mainly caused due to smoking and exposing the lungs to toxic fumes, etc. over a prolonged period of time. These toxins may cause the cells to multiply rapidly. When the cancer in the lungs metastasizes outside the chest cavity, to other parts of the body, it is termed as stage 4 lung cancer. This stage is dangerous, because the cancer has spread and is difficult to control. Chemotherapy is given to control the cancer, however, surgery is ineffective, thus, not carried out. While it is not possible to determine how long a stage 4 lung cancer patient will survive, based on statistics and observational data, it can be said that stage 4 lung cancer prognosis is low, as compared to other cancers. Only about 5 to 10% of people diagnosed with small cell lung cancer, are seen to live up to the 5 year period. Moreover, only 10 to 15% of those diagnosed with non-cell lung cancer, are seen to live up to 5 years.
What is Stage 4 Breast Cancer
Though breast cancer can be seen in men and women, it is predominant in females. Breast cancer starts as a benign tumor which may turn malignant after some time. The best way to diagnose breast cancer in its initial stages is self examination. Ignoring any signs of the cancer can advance into stage 4 breast cancer, which is the last stage of this deadly disease. In this stage the tumors from the breast have spread to the lymph nodes affecting other regions in the body. The prognosis for stage 4 breast cancer is based on the size of the tumor and its metastasis. The survival rate for breast cancer, specially for the fourth stage is merely 20 percent. With the advancement in treatment methods, the life expectancy of the patient suffering from breast cancer, has increased positively.
What is Stage 4 Colon Cancer
The colon, which is a part of the large intestine, is an important part of the digestive system. Colon cancer, also known as bowel cancer, occurs when there is an unhealthy growth in the intestine. There is a tumor growth in the walls of the colon which is a result of cancerous cells. Colon cancer may be caused due to the presence of harmful toxins in the food, which may accumulate in the large intestine. In stage 4 colon cancer, the cancerous cells have spread to the lymph nodes and have advanced towards other organs like the stomach, liver and lungs. Stage 4 colon cancer treatment may involve the removal of the tumor and affected parts. The surgeon may then rejoin the healthy parts of the colon. The stage 4 colon cancer life expectancy and survival rate is less than 9 percent.
Stage 4 cancer prognosis for various types of cancer is based on various factors like age of the individual, the stage at which the diagnosis of cancer was done and the patient's response towards the treatment administered. The life expectancy of the patient for stage 4 cancer is sadly very bleak. Now that you have understood about stage 4 cancer, spread awareness around people about the dangers of this disease and how it can be prevented. Practice a healthy lifestyle to prevent these life-threatening diseases, from affecting you. Take care!