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As per research, sinus cancer affects men 1½ times more than women and develops between the age of 45-85 years. Approximately 60-70% cases are diagnosed as maxillary sinus cancer. In 20-30% cases, the symptoms direct to nasal cavity, 10-15% symptoms occur in ethmoid sinuses, and the rest are associated with the sphenoid and frontal sinuses.

Sinus cancer is very difficult to detect in the initial stages. It consists of 4 stages, wherein stage 1 is the initial stage, and stage 4 is the final stage. For those who don't know, this cancer originates from the mucosa. Mucosa is the tissue that forms the lining in certain parts inside your body, including the sinus. A blockage cavity of the sinus, due to a bacterial infection, may also trigger cancer.

The cancers associated with sinus include: Maxillary sinusitis cancer, which affects the cheek bones under the eyes; ethmoid sinus cancer, which occurs between the nose and eyes; sphenoid sinus cancer, where the bottom of the skull, below the pituitary gland, is affected; and frontal sinus cancer, which affects the area on the forehead, right above the eyes.

Symptoms

Be it any type of sinus cancer―maxillary, ethmoid, pyriform (cancer between the airways and food pipe), or sphenoid―the symptoms for all of them are considerably similar in nature.
  • Nose bleeding
  • Pain in ears
  • Pain in tooth
  • Bloody cough with mucus
  • Decrease in the sense of smell
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose, which at times is accompanied by pus
  • Sinus congestion, which is an obstruction in the nose that keeps on getting worse
  • Constant pain behind the nose
  • Constant pain in the upper teeth
  • Bulging of the nose or cheeks
  • Numbness and pain in cheeks
  • A swelling or lump in the neck which can be a result of the cancer spreading the lymph nodes
  • Sensitivity of eyes towards light
  • Swelling of eyelids with blurred or double vision
  • Abnormal mental condition due to the spreading of the cancer
  • Loss of hearing due to pressure on the Eustachian tube
  • Awkward-looking upper teeth, which may become loose and cause bad breathe
  • Swelling in the entire face, specially around the nose and eyes
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Difficulty while turning the head
  • Breathing problems
  • Ringing sensation in the ears
  • Discharge from the nose with soreness and lumps
  • Speech problems
  • Numbness in the upper lips
  • Swelling in the roof of the mouth
  • Bleeding from the upper teeth
  • Excessive tearing
  • Pressure on the ears
Diagnosis

If you are experiencing any of the aforementioned symptoms, it is strictly advisable to get in touch with your healthcare specialist as soon as possible. This cancer may also spread to other body parts and affect organs including lungs, bones, and liver. The doctor will ask a detailed explanation of your symptoms. Many tests including CT scan, biopsy, MRI, PET scan, etc., would be advised for diagnosis. Once diagnosed, the treatment would depend upon the severity. If it's in the initial stage, then cancer can be cured through treatment including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. However, if it is highly developed, then the chances for cure are relatively low.

It is not known as to what causes this condition. However, the best we can do, is to keep a track on the symptoms that our body conveys, and get regular checkups done to cure the condition at the very beginning. Have a safe tomorrow.

Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.