The human body is a complex machine, and still remains a mystery even after years of medical research. All the organs in the body work individually, yet in conjunction with other organs to ensure that its parent (the human being) remains healthy. However, there are many diseases and infections that, if not treated on time, can lead to organ failure, which may further lead to complications and in certain instances death. Generally, in case of organ failure, replacing it with a healthy organ or an artificial organ are the probable options available. An artificial organ is a man-made device which is used as a replacement of the natural organ, in order to restore the related functioning of the organ.
Did You Know?The first artificial lab-grown organ was created on April 4, 2006 by a team of biologists at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine, led by Professor Anthony Atala. It was a bladder grown from a small tissue of the patient's own bladder.
Every organ in the body has some special stem cells which are unique to that organ. These stem cells are isolated and kept under favorable conditions to grow in a lab. The cells are seeded with the mold which resembles the organ, and left to grow. Within a few weeks, the cells grow, and the mold gets disintegrated further, leaving just the organ. This newly-grown organ is then used to replace the old organ in the patient's body. Sometimes, synthetic material is also used along with stem cells to form an artificial organ.
The first synthetic trachea implantation was done in 2011, in Sweden, for a 36-year-old cancer patient. It was done with the help of stem cells taken from his hip which were treated with growth factors, and incubated on a plastic replica of his natural trachea. Though there are many apparent advantages of artificial organs, some disadvantages do exist. Let us find out both pros and cons of artificial organs, which you might not be aware of.
Artificial organs or regenerative medicine has given mankind a new hope in the medical field to save lives. Instead of waiting for several months for a suitable donor, choose a solution that has a lesser chance of rejection, and a greater chance of saving you or your loved one's life. Consult an expert, and make an informed decision.
Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.