Definition of Philosophy
Well, what is philosophy? Philosophy is the field of study that explains the concepts of nature and classical beliefs followed by a particular system. Philosophy is a unique discipline that explores and traverses through several domains of life like existence, nature, religion, God, ethics, psychology, science, sociology, and an understanding of the truths of the world we dwell.

Five Branches of Philosophy
The philosophy topics fall into diverse categories, however the main braches of philosophy are as follows:
  1. Metaphysics: The study of reality.
  2. Epistemology: The theory of knowledge.
  3. Ethics: Related to principles of right and wrong.
  4. Logic: The study of right reasoning.
  5. Aesthetics: The theory of the nature of art.
Philosophy Topics
Below is an extensive guide on the various philosophy topics for philosophy scholars and others interested in philosophy and related disciplines. Far from comprehensive, but a good place that covers various dimensions of thought process by different individuals.
Difference Between Holism and Reductionism
Difference between holism and reductionism
Holism and reductionism are two philosophical concepts regarding the analysis of any system. Buzzle attempts to present a brief overview and comparison of these philosophies.
Individualism Vs. Collectivism: Understanding with Examples
individualism vs collectivism
Individualism and collectivism are two distinct and varied cultures, which have been prevalent in the society ever since civilization dawned upon humanity. It is of paramount importance to understand the striking differences...
Plato - Greek philosopher
A great personality that influenced humankind with his concepts, Plato was one of the greatest philosophers in the world , and his dialogs are still referred to all around the world. Here is a brief account on the life of this...
Forgiveness: The Precondition of Love
Forgiveness is the act of excusing a mistake or offense, and moving on as a person much stronger for the experience. Read what Jesus and Jainism has said on forgiveness.
Consequentialism Vs. Deontology Vs. Virtue Ethics
Consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics
Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison.
The Concept of Hard Determinism Explained
Explanation of hard determinism
To explain it in the simplest form possible, hard determinism disregards the existence of free will and supports determinism. This Buzzle article explains the concept of hard determinism in detail.
You Majored in Philosophy: Now What?
You have an undergrad major in philosophy and have no idea what to do next. A philosophy major actually gives you some useful and marketable skills.
The Hermeneutic Circle
In the fields of philosophy and criticism, "hermeneutic circle" is a term that's often thrown around without much regard to what it is supposed to mean. A technical term with a rich history, "hermeneutic circle"...
Idealism Vs. Materialism
Is reality what we see or is it what we perceive it to be? Find out the conflict between idealism and materialism in the following article.
Socrates' Philosophy
In this Buzzle article, we shed light on Socrates' philosophy in a bid to make our readers aware of this great philosopher and his way of thinking.
About Rules
Rules are usually considered to be annoying and not a key to a successful civilization. But, the history shows otherwise. How can they improve lives? How can they lead to serious changes in behavior?
What is Existentialism?
How do you define existentialism? What is the central gist of this school of thought and what is the view of life it presents? In this article, I've attempted to answer these questions according to whatever little I have known...
John Locke and Tabula Rasa
The famous phrase 'tabula rasa' is used on a daily basis in various situations by different people, yet few can identify its role in the philosophical system of the man who actually coined the expression. Here is your chance to be...
Auguste Comte's Law of Three Stages
One of the most influential philosophers of his time, Auguste Comte is remembered as the founder of the doctrine of positivism. This article provides more about this sociologist and his work.
Existential Crisis
An existential crisis can be a harrowing, chastening experience. How can one handle these crises? Here are some tips and advice...
Kant and Optimistic Thinking
The following article provides some information regarding the famous philosopher called Kant.
Natural Law Theory
What is the natural law theory? Do man-made laws correspond to natural laws? Let's find out all about this theory and how it correlates with man-made laws of the world...
Sartre and the Problem of Freedom
The concept of freedom plays an important role in any philosophical system, but Sartre seems to have taken it one step ahead by placing it at the very center of his ideas, and shocked his contemporaries by saying, "Man is...
Anthroposophy: The Spiritual Science
Developed in the early 20th century by educator and spiritual leader Rudolph Steiner, anthroposophy aims to apply the clarity of scientific thought to the realm of the soul.
Our Society: The Sense of Entitlement
Do you have a sense of entitlement? Before you say no, read this article.
The Philosophy of Pacifism: The Solution to the World's Troubles?
Pacifism focuses on the use of peaceful means to resolve any issue. It propagates to avoid the use of force. Here is more on this.
Aurelius Embodied the Truths of the Great Stoics
Though many philosophers came before him, Aurelius' position as an emperor of Rome gives us a unique look into the guiding principles of the man.
An Introduction to Chaos Theory
According to chaos theory, giant tidal waves are formed in the equator, because of the movement of a fish is Japan.
Permissiveness: Root Cause of Society Today
Tolerance or permissiveness is the main reason that society today has formed in the way it is. It is tolerance that allows an individual law abiding citizen not to oppose the wrongdoings in society today. The less he says the...
What is Objectivism?
The study of objectivism as a philosophy began when it came into prominence with the Ayn Rand novels. A fascinating insight into its various concepts.
Philosophy: Two Metaphors
There is a huge difference between loving philosophy and living philosophy. Many people settle for the former, and end up divorcing philosophy from life. But do they really love philosophy, then?
Is the Younger Generation More Materialistic and Lazy?
Materialism and laziness in the younger generation
With everything they need being accessible, has the youth today become so consumed with their material desires that they have failed to realize the value of the luxuries they take for granted? Read along to find out.
Aristotle's Philosophy of 'Golden Mean'
Aristotle's philosophy of 'Golden Mean'
The 'Golden Mean' philosophy was proposed by Greek philosopher Aristotle. It was in the second chapter of his Nicomachean Ethics, where he talks of moderation as a virtue.
Pros and Cons of a Nomadic Lifestyle
Pros and cons of a nomadic lifestyle
A nomadic lifestyle is for those who like to sleep under the sky and accept the whole world as their home. It teaches you many aspects of life that formal education cannot. As you meet new people, your horizon broadens, and you...
What Does Paradigm Shift Mean?
Paradigm shift example
It is true, that the world cannot simply evolve - it has to experience change, every now and then, be it in science, business, or culture. A paradigm shift shows us what changes have affected mankind for the better until now.
What Does 'Quality of Life' Mean?
Factors on which 'quality of life' depends
We often hear people speaking of quality of life, but what is it exactly? Is it to do with wealth, health, family, or your job?
Why are Humans Never Content?
Money cannot buy happiness
Contentment, satisfaction, and fulfillment are words that always seem to remain elusive to us, regardless of how well we do in our life. Let's explore the reasons why humans never seem to attain a contented and happy life.
Platonic Forms Explained
Platonic form meaning and example
Plato's theory of forms, also called the Platonic forms, is explained in detail in this Buzzle post. The philosophy behind this theory, its types, examples, arguments and criticisms will give you a complete understanding of this...
Examples of Existentialism
Existentialism example
The philosophical idea of existentialism came into being when people across the globe were feeling futile and dubious about their own being. Existential ideas are venerated by some and censured by some. Nonetheless, one can't...
Understanding 'Legal Positivism' With Examples
Concept of legal positivism
This Buzzle post takes a closer look at the theory of legal positivism. It discusses the classical beliefs proposed by legal theorists such as John Austin and H. L. A. Hart, as well as draws a contrast between legal positivism and...
Why is Religion So Important in Today's World?
Importance of religion in today's world
The vast expanse of religions and belief systems have undergone revolutionary changes with the changing face of the society. The world, as we know now, has proved a lot using scientific facts as the tool. So why does the modern...
40 Philosophical Questions About Society That Will Make You Think
Philosophical quote by George Berkeley
Philosophy involves the study of fundamental problems regarding reality, existence, reason, mind, etc., in order to gain a deeper understanding about the world we live in. This gives rise to a multitude of questions, some of which...
Rise of the Second Replicator: The Evolution of Memes
This is an attempt at presenting the idea of the second replicator, the meme, in the purest and simplest form to give you a taste of how this all-pervading force of pure thought is changing the world.
Understanding Situational Ethics with Real-life Examples
Concept of situational ethics
Situational ethics dictate that the moral path be decided by the context of the issue at hand, rather than have a textbook judgment for everything. We'll be looking at understanding situational ethics with the help of examples.
60 Philosophical Questions about Beauty
Richard Rodgers quote on beauty
There have been numerous poems, stories, novels, battles, wars, etc, on the subject of beauty. The inspiration in some cases was the beauty of a woman, whereas in some instances it was that of land and prosperity. Such diversity of...
Difference Between Fatalism and Determinism
Difference between fatalism and determinism
What are you? A fatalist or a determinist? Know for yourself, as we, at Buzzle, carry out a fatalism vs. determinism comparison along with the definitions and examples of these philosophical concepts.
Meaning of the Phrase 'Existence Precedes Essence'
Meaning of the phrase 'existence precedes essence'
Does our existence have a purpose, or do we simply exist for no purpose? The phrase 'Existence Precedes Essence' implies that man is born in this world with no predetermined purpose. He does not have a choice, and is thrown into...
Psychological Egoism Vs. Ethical Egoism
Difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism
In layman's terms, egoism comes into play when the end justifies the means; because the word has a negative connotation by and large. Psychological egoism and ethical egoism are two doctrines that analyze and study the cause and...
Different Interpretations of Holism
Architecture as an example of holism
Holism is a philosophical doctrine which states that 'the whole is greater than the sum of the parts'; pertaining to any system, theory, or phenomenon. Let us take a brief look at the meaning of holism and its different...
A Comparison of Existentialism and Absurdism
Example of existentialism and absurdism
Existentialists proposed that humans have to make choices in order to find purpose to their life and absurdists proposed that humanity will fail if they searched for the meaning of life, so finally where is human life headed to? Do...
Explanation of John Locke's Social Contract Theory
John Locke's social contract theory
The importance of a government that is appointed for the protection of our natural rights bound by the law of nature is what John Locke speaks about in his social contract theory.
The Shape of Humanity: Know Thyself
Humanities classes are not "easy A's". They delve into the mysteries of the human condition, and throwing yourself into the subject matter will make your life that much richer.
Philosophical Questions about War that will Make You Think
Thought-provoking quote on war by Howard Zinn
The majority of present-day generation may not have seen any wars within their lifetime, but they are aware of what a state of war entails. This awareness is brought about largely due to the historical accounts of these events that...
Dualism Vs. Materialism in Philosophy
Difference between dualism and materialism in philosophy
Studying the brain is one thing, but studying the mind is very complicated! Wondering what's the difference between brain and mind? Well, there are a few differences and philosophies to back the theory of mind being more than just...
25 Thought-provoking Philosophical Questions About Reality
Thought-provoking philosophical question about reality
Reality! What is it about this concept that raises so many questions in our mind? Buzzle ponders on 25 thought-provoking philosophical questions on reality. Think you have the answers?
Plato's Tripartite Soul Theory Explained
Plato's tripartite soul theory
Plato considers the human soul as the seat of human forces and divides it into three distinctive forces that perform unique actions within an individual. This Buzzle article presents arguments about Plato's Tripartite Soul Theory.
Mind Over Matter: Meaning and Examples
Mind over matter meaning
The term 'mind over matter' is generally used to refer to the capacity of the mind, that can be used to achieve miraculous results. Many are not aware of this power of the mind, and people rarely use it in the real sense. Buzzle...
Explanation of Deontology With Examples
Deontology examples
We often conclude that something is good or bad simply because it is morally correct or wrong. Mostly based on societal or religious norms, our sense of attributing moral acceptance to certain actions is an exciting field of study...
Socrates' Philosophy and Socratic Method
Socrates never wrote anything and still influenced the world of philosophy. The Socratic method was directed at perfecting the thoughts. He skillfully, and most humbly coined the very existence of Philosophy, which in turn has...
Philosophical Questions
Philosophical questions
Philosophical questions make us think and understand life better. Read on for a list of some really interesting and thought-provoking questions.
How is Deontology Different From Utilitarianism?
Difference between deontology and utilitarianism
Is deontology different from utilitarianism? If yes, how? In this Buzzle post, we attempt to figure out how the two ethical systems differ from each other.
Dualism Vs. Monism in Philosophy
Difference between dualism and monism in psychology
The mind-body problem is an important issue in neurophilosophy, with regards to the relation between the mind and the body. It involves the eternal question of whether the mind, brain and soul are one and the same or are distinct...
Explanation of Moral Realism in Philosophy With Examples
Moral realism in philosophy
Moral realism in philosophy is a point of view that puts forth the idea of moral facts and values that must be followed by every human being. We, at Buzzle, explain this concept along with definition and examples to give you a fine...
What Does Classical Liberalism Mean?
Classical liberalism meaning
Though the definition of classical liberalism stresses on the freedom of an individual and limited government, one needs to understand that there is more to it than meets the eye. Buzzle explains what classical liberalism means,...
Solipsism Theory Explained
Solipsism theory
Solipsism theory is not superiority complex. In fact, it is graver than it. This Buzzle post states the definition, meaning, and arguments of this theory.
Branches of Philosophy
Curious about the various branches of philosophy and their significance? Here's an analysis to help you understand their role in contemporary affairs.
Alain Badiou's Theory of Inaesthetics
There have been many theories of the philosophy of art, or aesthetics, throughout history, and new theories are being created all the time. We provide an easy to understand overview of the aesthetic theory of French Philosopher...
Utilitarianism Examples
The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a very prominent example of the philosophy of 'Utilitarianism'. Wondering what utilitarianism is and how the aforementioned incident is an example of it? Read ahead.
Can Human Morality Exist Without Religion?
What to choose between morality and religion
A lot of things have been said about human morality and how it cannot exist without religion. Atheists, however, do not quite agree with the idea of morality and religion going hand in hand. Let's take our pick!
Idealism Vs. Realism
Idealism vs realism
Idealism vs. Realism is a debate that has been going on, since ages. Both philosophical theories have their pros and cons and, here, we have tried to discuss both these philosophies in detail.
Philosophical Questions About God That are Difficult to Answer
Philosophical questions about God that are difficult to answer
God has been a subject of numerous debates in philosophical and theological circles across the world. Buzzle sheds light on some interesting philosophical questions about God and the debates that have ensued.
Difference Between Determinism and Indeterminism
Difference between determinism and indeterminism
Some say that every action is preceded by a cause, and is succeeded by some other action. Others say that it is not necessary for every action to be preceded by some cause, and can happen without any fixed pattern. These are two...
Occam's Razor: The Principle of Simplicity
Occam's razor tool
Occams's razor is a popular investigative tool, used by various philosophers, scientists, and skeptics in determining the most accurate or probable explanation for the occurrence of an event. This principle is examined and...
René Descartes: Facts, Achievements, and Major Contributions
Major contributions of Rene Descartes
René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer. He made significant contributions to the field of philosophy and mathematics during his lifetime. This Buzzle article elaborates on his achievements and...
8 Deep and Interesting Philosophical Questions About Time
Philosophical questions about time
Time is one of those entities that has always been shrouded in mystery. The world has seen several philosophical debates on time over the ages, and there have also been several attempts to answer the questions put forth, with very...
What is Philosophy of Religion?
The philosophy of religion is the study of religious practices, customs, texts, and various issues concerning religion. It is conducted by scholars. More on this...
Partner Selection: Evolution Or Social Learning?
Attraction can be defined as a power which brings things or persons together. In the process of partner selection, attraction plays an important role. But why are men attracted by some aspects, and women by others? Can the...
Exploring Human Consciousness Using Philosophical Zombies
Philosopher David Chalmers, whose work centers around cognitive science, has determined that studying the philosophy of zombies raises may interesting issues, that parallel the philosophy of the human mind.
Taking Issue with Society: A Quick Guide to Getting Your Hands Dirty
If you're like most people, for whom activism is kind of a bother, then go out and get involved to bring about some change. Keep reading the following Buzzle write up to know more...
Lessons Learned from Adler's Philosophy Arguments Still Ring True
Mortimer Adler, a respected scholar who never received a formal bachelor's degree, created one of the greatest arguments in favor of the "science" of philosophy, an argument that continues to withstand modern conscience.
Intelligent Design vs. Evolution
The origin of life is a hotly debated topic for evolutionists and creationists. The ultimate reason for debate may not be science or theology-but something far more personal.
Chaos Theory: On a Disorderly Note
This is a glimpse into the orderly world of disorder―a study of the chaos theory.
Can You Change Your Habits?
Ask yourself what you really what you want to change! Making exercise a routine! Quit smoking! Slicing through the midnight hours in front of a TV! That voice in the back of your mind says, 'Leave it, what are you doing?' But you...