Apart from serving as a nutritious vegetable, tomatoes also help us fight diseases. They not only enhance the flavor, but are also used as a garnish for many dishes. They can be eaten raw, canned, or cooked in summer or winter; any time is a good time for this versatile super food. A study conducted by Dr. Edward Giovannucci, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts reviewed that the more tomatoes one consumed, the lower was his/her risk of cancer.
  • Different studies have consistently shown that its consumption can lower the risks of the different kinds of cancers like colorectal, breast, lung, endometrial, pancreatic, bladder, cervical, and skin cancer.
  • Lycopene is the chemical that gives the tomato its red color and has many disease-fighting abilities. It is considered to prevent prostate cancer. It is also a powerful antioxidant that protects the body cells from damage. Lycopene also helps in the prevention of heart diseases and can slow down the development of cataracts and macular degeneration, an age-related vision problem that can lead to blindness.
  • It is low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium.
  • Unlike many foods, some nutritional value of this fruit actually meliorates with cooking.
  • It is also a rich source of many nutrients, and contains a high amount of vitamin C and a substantial amount of vitamin A and vitamin B. It also contains magnesium, phosphorous, and calcium. A medium-sized tomato provides 40% vitamin C and 20% vitamin A of the recommended dietary allowance.
  • It is also a good source of chromium, thiamine, vitamin K, vitamin E, copper, and manganese.
  • It also contains niacin that lowers high cholesterol levels, and potassium that lowers high blood pressure.
  • It also contains vitamin B6 and folate that convert the homocysteine in our body into harmless molecules. High levels of homocysteine can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • The dietary fiber in tomatoes lowers the cholesterol levels, prevents colon cancer, and helps keep blood sugar at a lower level.
  • It is a good source of riboflavin, which has been proved to be helpful for migraine patients as it decreases the frequency of headache.
  • It is believed that including it in the diet can help prevent diseases and disorders such as eye disorders, night blindness, liver disorders, intestinal disorders, urinary tract infections, jaundice, indigestion, constipation, diabetes, diarrhea, and morning sickness.
Perhaps, there are many more nutritional facts about tomatoes that are yet to be discovered. Considering the innumerable benefits that this fruit offers, it is surely worth being included in our daily diet.