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Mental disorders are psychological or behavioral patterns that are characterized by change in thinking, mood and behavior of an individual that causes distress or impaired function. Mental illnesses and mental disorders have undergone tremendous change over time and are still undergoing various variations. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) the standard reference for American Psychiatric Association includes mental disorders list of about 400 psychiatric problems. In this Buzzle article, we shall enlist some of these many recognized as well as unrecognized mental disorders.

Mental disorders are different in different individuals. There are several different mental disorders types in each category of mental illnesses. These symptoms of mental illness vary in incidence from mild to severe. The causes of metal illnesses can be genetic, environmental or even due to stress and substance abuse. Some disorders may interfere with the daily life of an individual and people around them. The treatment for each mental disorder type too varies and some require short-term or long-term medical help. Many mental illnesses also require an individual to be hospitalized, in case, the condition proves makes the person a danger to himself and others. Thus, one should never let a mental illness precipitate as it can lead to a full-blown problem later on. Let us understand the types of mental disorders in the following paragraph and then move on to the mental disorders list.

Mental Disorder Types

There are many mental disorders types that are recognized as mental illnesses. The following list of mental disorders types will help you understand the different mental illnesses seen psychiatric patients.
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Types of mood disorders
  • Psychotic disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Impulse control disorder and addiction disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Adjustment disorders
  • Dissociative disorders
  • Factitious disorders
  • Sexual and gender disorders
  • Somatoform or Psychosomatic disorder
  • Tic disorders
The following list has names of different mental illnesses that are seen in patients. The list of mental disorders is divided according to mental disorder types under which they are grouped.

Adult Mental Disorders List

The following list of mental disorders contain names of those mental illnesses that are commonly seen in adults.

Dissociative Disorders
  • Depersonalization disorder
  • Dissociative amnesia
  • Dissociative fugue
  • Dissociative identity disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
  • Dissociative disorder Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)
  • Ganser syndrome
Mood Disorders
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Manic Depression
  • Hypomanic Episode
  • Manic Episode
  • Mixed Episode
  • Melancholia
Sleep Disorders
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder
  • Hypersomnia, Primary
  • Insomnia
  • Nightmare Disorder
  • Narcolepsy
  • Sleep Terror Disorder
  • Sleepwalking Disorder
  • Oneirophrenia
  • Parasomnias
Personality Disorders
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Multiple Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Sexual Disorders
  • Dyspareunia
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
  • Exhibitionism
  • Female and Male Orgasmic Disorders
  • Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
  • Fetishism
  • Frotteurism
  • Gender Identity Disorder
  • Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
  • Male Erectile Disorder
  • Pedophilia
  • Premature Ejaculation
  • Sex Addiction
  • Sexual Masochism and Sadism
  • Transvestic Fetishism
  • Vaginismus
  • Voyeurism
Impulse Control Disorder Symptoms
  • Exhibitionism
  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder
  • Kleptomania
  • Pathological Gambling
  • Pyromania
  • Trichotillomania
  • Dermatillomania
  • Body-focused repetitive behavior (BFRB)
  • Onychophagia
Anxiety Disorders
  • Agoraphobia
  • Panic Attack
  • Anxiety and Panic Disorder
  • Social Phobia
  • Specific Phobia
Other Mental Disorders
  • Alcohol abuse/Substance Abuse
  • Acute Stress Disorder
  • Internet Addiction Disorder
  • Adjustment Disorders
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD)
  • Bereavement
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Brief Psychotic Disorder
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Conversion Disorder
  • Cyclothymic Disorder
  • Delusional Disorder
  • Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type
  • Depression
  • Dysthymic Disorder
  • Factitious
  • Fregoli delusion
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Lewy Body Dementia
  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
  • Pain Disorder
  • Post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Psychotic Depression NOS
  • Pyromania
  • Schizoaffective Disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizophreniform Disorder
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Shared Psychotic Disorder
  • Social Phobia or Social Anxiety Disorder
  • Somatization Disorder
  • Specific / Simple Phobia
  • Trichotillomania

Childhood Mental Disorders List


Children too suffer from mental disorder types that are often called developmental disorders or learning disability. These mental disorders are often diagnosed in school going children as this the time they begin to show behavioral problems. Many of the adult mental disorders tend to germinate from some of the following list.

Learning Disorders
  • Disorders of Written Expression
  • Expressive Language Disorder
  • Mathematics Disorder/Dyscalculia
  • Reading Disorder
  • Mixed receptive-expressive language disorder
Other Childhood Mental Disorders
  • Asperger's Disorder
  • Attachment Disorder
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD)
  • Autistic Disorder (Autism)
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Encopresis
  • Enuresis
  • Mental Retardation
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Pica
  • Rett's Disorder
  • Rumination Disorder
  • Selective Mutism
  • Separation Anxiety Disorder
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder
  • Stuttering
  • Tourette's Disorder
  • Transient Tic Disorder

This was a comprehensive list of the types of mental disorders types that are commonly treated by mental health professionals. Some of these mental illnesses may fall in more than one category, that is adult as well as children. If you suspect any form of mental illness or mental disorder in someone you know or maybe even yourself, do not feel shy seek help. The mental disorders list is quite vast and extensive and some of the disorders may not have been mentioned above. Most of these mental disorders are treatable through counseling, medications and psychiatric help. Consult a mental health professional promptly for treatment of mental illness. This will avoid flaring up of a minor mental health problem into a full-fledged mental illness.

Disclaimer
This mental health disorders list is not meant to replace a doctor's diagnosis, advice and care. Remember, that just because an individual exhibits certain symptoms, it does not directly indicate a mental disorder. Only a trained mental health professional can make the diagnosis and assessment of a mental illness. Speak to a qualified mental health professional, regarding any doubts or questions about mental health symptoms you maybe worried about.