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The goodness and healing properties of herbal plants were explored by people since ages. The study of herbal medicinal plants, known as Ayurveda was practiced in India. Use of plants for medication and treatment dates back to the Vedic period. These days, many people are resorting to the use of traditional methods to treat ailments. This has further given a boost to the commercial production of these plants, and the rate of consumption has considerably increased.

List of Medicinal Plants and their Uses

The list of medicinal herbs available across the globe is huge. In the following list, we have sorted the species that are commonly used due to their wonderful healing effects and therapeutic value. Have a look at them.

Name - Scientific NameUses
Acacia - Acacia
greggi
• astringent
• demulcent
• emollient
Agrimony - Agrimonia
eupatoria
• blood
coagulant
Pimenta - Pimenta
dioica
• heals wounds
• bruises
Ajwain - Trachyspermum
ammi
• antibacterial
• carminative
• digestive
Ashok - Trachyspermum
ammi
• eases
menstrual pain
• diabetes
• uterine
disorders
Amla - Phyllanthus
emblica
• Cough
• diabetes
• laxative
• acidity
Ashwagandha - Withania
somnifera
• eases stress
• nerve disorder
• repairs bodily
functions
Brahmi - Bacopa
monnieri
• jaundice
• anemia
• dropsy
Bael - Aegle
marmelos
• constipation
• diarrhea
• dysentery
Chirata - Swertia
chirata
• burn
• skin diseases
• fever
Guggul - Commiphora
wightii
• asthma
• hydrocele
• diabetes
Guluchi - Tinospora
cordifolia
• jaundice
• gout
• piles
• fever
Kalmegh - Andrographis
paniculata
• gastritis
• fever
• weakness
Makoi - Solanum
nigrum
• dysentery
• diuretic
• debility
Pashan Bheda - Coleus
barbatus
• calculus
• stones in kidney
Sarpa Gandha - Ranwolfia
serpentina
• insomnia
• hypertension
Tulsi - Ocimum
tenuiflorum
• expectorant
• cough
• cold
Vai Vidanka - Embelia ribes• skin disease
• helminthiasis
Peppermint - Mentha
piperita
• painkiller
• digestive
Vringraj - Eclipta
alba
• calming
• leukemia
• stress reliever
Chitrak - Plumbargo
zeylanica
• dyspepsia
• inflammation
• cough
• colic
Harada - Terminalia
chebula
• leprosy
• inflammation
• vomiting
• insomnia
Neem - Azadirachta
indica
• analgesic
• astringent
• epilepsy
Kantakari - Solanum
xanthocarpum
• appetizer
• stomach ache
• diuretic

List of Medicinal Herbs and their Uses

A plethora of herbs are also utilized for the treatment of health disorders. The following data provides information on some of the medicinal properties and uses. Some of these herbal medicines are capable of curing certain health problems completely.

Name - Scientific NameUses
Lemon Balm - Melissa officinalis• digestion
• stomach spasms
• anti-viral
Angelica - Angelica sylvestris• gastritis
• cramps
• digestion
Chickweed - Stellaria media• itching
• irritation
• rashes
Cleavers - Galium aparine• skin diseases
• diuretic
Couch grass - Cynodon dactylon• rheumatism
• cystitis
• gout
Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale• dissolves kidney
• dissolves gallstones
• diuretics
Elderberry - Sambucus canadensis• bronchitis
• cold
• cough
Garlic- Allium sativum• anti-microbial
• cardiovascular
treatment
Ginger - Zingiber officinale•motion sickness
• vomiting
• flatulence
• diarrhea
Lavender- Lavandula angustifolia• stress reliever
• boosts spirits
• stomach disorders
Red Clover - Trifolium pratense• rejuvenatory
• skin nourishing
Rosemary - Rosmarinus officinalis• improves blood supply
to brain
Thyme - Thymus pulegioides• antifungal
• anti-bacterial
• expectorant
Yarrow - Achillea millefolium• wound cleansing
• blood coagulation
• digestive

Medicinal Plants in Ayurveda

Various parts of plants like the leaves, flowers, roots and the bark have proven useful in curing a wide range of health related issues. Sometimes herbal derivatives like gum, resins, metabolites, and latex have also been used for treatment purposes. Such products are commercialized today in the form of powders, pills, oils, tablets, creams, etc. The following are some of the most popular Indian plants having medicinal properties.

Sandalwood: Sandalwood is one of the most effective herbal remedies for massive sun burns, skin rashes, scars and acne.

Aloe Vera: It is known for its anti-diabetic property. Aloe vera promotes digestive health and is extremely soothing over skin burns and sun tan. It contains all essential amino acids that function as anti-aging factors and is also consumed for nutritional value.

Turmeric: Turmeric has anti-inflammatory property and is also used as an antioxidant. Raw turmeric is very effective in promoting liver health. It shows anti-bacterial action against many skin infections.

Cinnamon: Cinnamon is the most common herbal medicine for indigestion and gastric problems. It has the power to neutralize harmful toxins released by mold and fungus.

Pennywort: This herbal plant is used as a tonic for nerves. It helps to reduce mental stress and physical fatigue. Pennywort also promotes sleep.

Neem: Neem is an excellent remedy for sprains, flu, skin problems, fever, indigestion, viral infection, etc.

Basil: Basil or tulsi acts as a blood purifier and it's also antibacterial in nature. Tulsi is effective against cough and cold. It enhances digestion and appetite and improves blood circulation. Regular consumption of tulsi leaves boosts immunity of the body.

Ayurvedic doctors have complete trust on the healing properties of medicinal plants, as they have proven beneficial for people suffering from different types of health disorders. However, consult your doctor before taking any herb.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.