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Fine lines and wrinkles are the first signs of aging. With increasing age, our skin becomes dry and thin. Moreover, the underlying collagen fiber that helps to keep the skin in taut and firm condition tends to become weak, too. As a result, the skin loses its elastic properties, and starts to show small folds of skin. Fine lines and wrinkles are mostly seen on the forehead, upper lips, and cheeks. Usually, they can be noticed first between the age of 30 and 35. However, there are some factors that can lead to their appearances prematurely.

Causes

Excessive exposure to the sun is mainly responsible for these. Environmental pollution is another cause that often leads to wrinkles. Stress, caused due to our modern, hectic lifestyle, can also be a major factor. Sometimes, due to genetic reasons, one may develop these effects prematurely. Those who have the habit of smoking are likely to get wrinkles at a very early age. This is because smoking tends to narrow down the blood vessels present in the outer layers of the skin and cause damage to the underlying collagen as well.

Treatment

When it comes to the treatment of wrinkles and other lines on the skin, there a number of options that you can avail.

Anti-wrinkle Creams: This is one of the easiest methods of getting rid of fine lines and other dermatological effects of aging. A large variety of such creams are available in the market. When applied on the skin, these creams moisturize the skin and provide the required nourishment essential for the skin. Thus, elasticity is temporarily restored, and the wrinkles decrease. The disadvantage of anti-wrinkle skincare products is that once you stop using these creams, the conditions are likely to come back again.

Chemical Peel: In this process, a chemical solution is applied on the skin in order to peel off the upper layers of the skin. Later, a new skin will grow and take the place of the old skin. The new skin is going to be much smoother and tighter than the previous skin. At the end of the process, you will get an even, smooth skin surface. Thus, this process not only removes the wrinkles and lines, but also help to get an even-toned skin. For some people one application is enough to obtain the desired results, but others may require more.

Botox Injections: This is a very effective treatment for crow's feet, fine lines on forehead and lip area, but is constantly advised against by doctors, since it can cause havoc with your body. A tiny dose of the botox injection is administered directly into the affected part to weaken the underlying muscles. As a result, the muscles will not contract and wrinkles will not occur. However, this is a very expensive treatment, and has to be repeated after regular intervals of time.

Surgical Procedure: Laser treatment is one of the most popular forms of surgical treatment used for the removal of wrinkles. Here, high-energy laser beams are directed onto the surface of the skin to smooth the affected area. The laser beams also promote the production of new collagen fiber under the skin surface, which helps in improving skin condition in future. This treatment can yield excellent results with just one sitting.

If you maintain a good wrinkle-free skincare regime, you can easily keep these effects of aging at bay. Always try to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun's radiation. Avoid staying out in the sun for a long period of time. Before going out in the sun, apply a good amount of sunscreen lotion all over the exposed part of your body. The SPF of the sunscreen lotion should not be less than 15. Dry skin is more prone to fine lines and wrinkles. Keep your skin in a well-moisturized condition using a moisturizer regularly. This will keep the skin smooth and supple.

In the end, though, remember that these are inevitable effects of a certain natural process called 'life', and don't go ballistic over 'curing' them. Nature will always win, and your life will be much less happy for all the effort of trying to outsmart nature. Don't fret about getting wrinkles if you are well into your 30s or 40s― wear them with pride!