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The court and law framing authorities have devised various laws of abandonment that deal with situations that are a result of various cases in which the person who is responsible for the care/supervision of the place or person denies to take responsibility of the place/person. For example, state laws have made strict rules about family abandonment. Since it covers a wide range of cases, this article will throw some light on the three basic categories.
Property Laws
Often, we come across a certain property like a piece of land that has been abandoned by the owner voluntarily. However, the owner hasn't transferred the ownership of the property to any other person. The owner, has on his own quit all the claims, rights, and possession of the property due to some reasons, and he hasn't made any efforts to sell the property. Abandonment laws are meant to legally dispose the property or find the owner of the property, so that legal disputes regarding the property can be solved. In case the owner is found out, the formalities of the sale or possession of the property are easily solved, else, the property is legally disposed.
Marriage Laws
Frequently, we come across abandonment issues that are related to marriage, divorce, and relationships. In case of marriage, the person may have broken ties with the spouse for a considerable duration of time, that amounts it to a severe breach of law. In cases of divorce, adoption, and emancipation, abandonment laws vary according to the severity of the case. Divorce cases of are often related to issues like property division, monetary issues, and custody matters, which are sorted out legally.
Child Laws
Child abandonment comprises issues that are not just related to adoption or the neglect on the part of the caretaker with regards to necessary support systems like food and clothing. Instead, it categorizes a larger sphere of inactivity on the part of the caretaker. For instance, abandoning a child under the age of 13 years, especially infants, and drawing away all contacts are dealt with abandonment laws. Anyone who is alleged to be involved or responsible for child abandonment, leading to the death of the child, can be charged with murder and manslaughter. The age of the child, duration of abandonment, and the severity of the abandonment, decide the extent and intensity of the charges. In case the child was in need of some special requirements or medications, but due to the neglect, he was not provided with the necessary care, then the laws charge the concerned person more severely.
Laws vary for every state, and so if you've got to file any case related to desertion, you've got to ensure that the state you're residing in has related laws in their judicial system. In cases of bankruptcy, the laws strictly depend on various factors like total net value of the property and the money mortgaged against it.
The incidents of abandonment of children have increased in the United States, and the state authorities have made attempts to spread awareness about the laws and rights of parents and children. This is essential, because it is completely inhumane to leave a baby/child just due to any reason. Abandonment laws are a bit complex, and to understand them completely, one must consult recognized lawyers. These laws can act as an effective tool in reducing the cases of desertion and isolation, intentionally.