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Carrot belongs to the Umbelliferae family, and is a raw vegetable root. Several health benefits of carrots have resulted in them serving as a remedy for many health problems. They are filling and do not contain fats, which is why they are recommended by dietitians for people under a weight loss program.

They contain vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Long back in the ancient times, they were used for medicinal purposes to cure stomach ailments, liver ailments, ulcers, and also for healing wounds.

Vitamin A

Why are carrots orange in color? The substance that gives the carrot its bright orange color is beta-carotene. It is found in fruits and vegetables that are red, yellow, or orange in color, and also in some of the green leafy vegetables. Beta carotene is converted into vitamin A in the liver.

It is a fat soluble vitamin which nourishes, develops and maintains healthy skin, improves eyesight, enhances hair growth, plays an important role in growth and boosts the immune system function. It is very essential for healthy eyes, and a better night vision. Carrots are one of the richest sources of vitamin A. The deficiency of this vitamin can cause night blindness.

Other Vitamins

Other vitamins that carrots contain are Vitamin K that helps prevent cancer, Alzheimer's, and improve the bone health. They contain vitamin C in traces which supports the functioning of the immune system, and also improves skin clarity. Vitamin E (alpha-Tocophero), which protects the cell membrane from oxidation, and Vitamin B, vitamin B1 (Thiamin), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride) are also found in carrots. Vitamin B helps increase metabolism, helps to maintain a healthy skin, and tones the muscles.

It also plays a part in enhancing the immune system. Carrots contain beta carotene which is an antioxidant that fights free radicals. Antioxidants fight free radicals that damage the skin, and cause cancer. They provide protection against some other ailments like heart diseases, and muscular degeneration. Some studies have shown that men who had high levels of beta carotene and vitamin C had lower risks of heart attacks.

The following table shows us the vitamin content in 100 grams of carrot. Including 100 grams of carrot in the daily diet, at least twice or thrice a week, would be beneficial to get all the rich nutrients that they contain.

Vitamins
(for 1 large carrot, 100 grams)
Value
Vitamin A 93%
Vitamin C 12%
Vitamin D -
Vitamin E -
Vitamin K 9.4 mcg
Thiamin 3%
Riboflavin 3%
Niacin 8%
Vitamin B6 8%
Folate 5%

Now you know that the nutritional value of carrots is very high. So, don't forget to include them in your daily diet.