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B vitamins, specifically vitamin B12, are essential for the synthesis of DNA.

Vitamins are classified into 6 types, A, B, C, D, E, and K. Among the rest, B is a complex vitamin that is further subdivided into different types: vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B7 (biotin), vitamin B9 (folic acid), and vitamin B12 (cobalamins; more commonly cyanocobalamin). It is a water-soluble vitamin.

Health Benefits of Vitamin B Complex

➡ Cell metabolism is the most prominent function of B complex vitamins. It supports fat, protein, and carbohydrate metabolism.

➡ Conversion of carbohydrates into glucose and further into energy is carried out with the help of vitamin B complex. A person, whose diet is deficient in this vitamin, suffers from fatigue and constant feeling of lethargy due to lack of energy.

➡ It is required for proper functioning of the adrenal gland. It also helps in production of certain hormones.

➡ It aids in proper functioning of the nervous system.

➡ It prevents birth defects, specially the neural tube defects in the fetus, during pregnancy.

➡ Vitamin B complex plays an important role in cell reproduction. It is required to have healthy nails and hair.

➡ It is also essential for maintaining a healthy heart and lowering risk of heart diseases.

➡ Improving mood, memory, concentration, etc., are some of the other benefits.

Deficiency of vitamin B can lead to indigestion, undernourishment, fatigue, exhaustion, tingling, body ache, skin rash, brittle hair and nails. Severe deficiency causes anxiety, nervousness, and depression. This can be prevented by having a diet containing foods rich in vitamin B like meat, chicken, liver, beef, kidney, turkey, tuna, salmon, milk, cheese, yogurt, whole grains, cereals, potatoes, bananas, lentils, nuts, chili peppers, brewer's yeast, and molasses, etc.

Vitamin B complex supplements are also available in the market that help in the prevention of deficiency diseases. However, it is recommended to consult a doctor before going for any vitamin supplements, as overdose of it can lead to toxicity. A supplement is usually recommended when you do not get sufficient vitamins from your diet.

Having a balanced diet every day helps in gaining all the benefits of vitamin B complex. Lastly, note that following a proper diet is necessary to keep deficiency diseases at bay. Take care!

Disclaimer: This article is meant only to provide information. It is not to be substituted for proper medical advice and consultation.