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Uric Acid Reduction Diet

A uric acid reduction diet is recommended to those who suffer from diseases related to high uric acid levels. Although dietary change does not help in treating the diseases, it definitely helps in preventing further complications.
Uric acid is a toxic metabolite which is produced in the body by breaking down substances called purines. It is flushed out of the body by the kidneys through urine, after it dissolves in the blood. However, if it is not flushed out of the body, high levels of uric acid get accumulated near the joints.

This condition is known as 'hyperuricemia', and causes gout, arthritis and kidney diseases. It may also worsen existing conditions like diabetes, leukemia and hypertension.

Hyperuricemia is usually caused due to the regular intake of purine-rich foods. Conditions such as hypoparathyroidism, lead poisoning, renal failure also elevate the uric acid levels. This condition can also be a side effect of chemotherapy.

Prominent symptoms of high uric acid include redness, swelling, inflammation and unbearable pain that is mostly experienced in the big toes, knees, elbows, wrists, ankles, tendons and other surrounding tissues.

Diet for Uric Acid Reduction
The normal levels of uric acid range between 2.4 and 6.0 mg/dL for women and 3.4 and 7.0 mg/dL for men. High uric acid levels have always been linked to the consumption of opulent meals. Seafood, poultry, meat, etc., are purine-rich foods. Hence, over-consumption of these foods leads to an increase in the levels of uric acid. Diet, thus, plays an important role in maintaining these levels in the body.

The uric acid levels can be maintained by limiting or completely avoiding the consumption of purine-rich foods. An ideal diet for reduction of this toxic metabolite should include a profusion of carbohydrates, a moderate intake of protein and a very low intake of fat. Such a diet can also help reduce the risk of arthritis, gout and kidney disorders that are caused due to hyperuricemia.

What to Eat

Given below are various foods that a uric acid reduction diet should include.

Potassium-Rich Foods
A uric acid reduction diet should consist of foods that are rich in potassium, since potassium plays a role in the excretion of this acid. Here are some of the foods that you can include in your diet.
  • Dried peaches
  • Bananas
  • Cereals
  • Yogurt
  • Yam
Foods Rich in Complex Proteins
It is usually advised that the diet for reduction of uric acid should contain foods rich in complex protein. Here is a list of such foods that can be consumed by individuals with high uric acid levels.
  • Tofu
  • Berries
  • Celery
  • Parsley
  • Cabbage

Low Purine and Low Protein Foods
People who are suffering from hyperuricemia should ideally be including these foods in their diet which are known to be low in purines.
  • Eggs
  • Cheese
  • Corn
  • Gelatin
  • Peanut butter
  • Tart cherries
  • Vinegar
  • Rice
  • Pasta
  • Whole wheat breads
Other Uric Acid Reduction Foods
Foods rich in bromelain and vitamin C can also be very effective in reducing uric acid. These include foods like:
  • Soy products
  • Lemon juice
  • Fibrous foods
  • Pineapples
  • Red cabbage
  • Red bell peppers
  • Salmon
  • Olive oil
  • Flax seeds
  • Varied nuts
  • Low-fat dairy products


What Not to Eat

Along with consuming the above-mentioned foods, stress has to be laid on avoiding the foods which might lead to a rise in the uric acid levels. When suffering from hyperuricemia, foods that are extremely or even moderately high in purines or proteins, should be strictly avoided.

Foods with High Levels of Purine
Foods extremely high in purines and proteins would include foods like:
  • Yeast
  • Sweetbreads
  • Pork
  • Lamb
  • Shrimp
  • Scallops
  • Anchovies
  • Mussels
  • Tuna
  • Sardines
  • Organ meats (kidney, liver)
  • Mincemeat
  • Processed meat
  • Beer
Foods with Medium Levels of Purine
Those foods which are moderately high in purines and proteins include some of these.
  • Mushroom
  • Spinach
  • Cauliflower
  • Dried beans
  • Lentils and legumes
  • Peas
  • Asparagus
  • Turkey
  • Goose
  • Chicken
  • Oatmeal
  • Bacon
  • Lobsters
  • Soft drinks


Sample Meal Plans

Here are two sample plans to help you plan out your diet.

Sample Meal Plan 1

Breakfast
  • 1 bowl of oatmeal with fresh fruit toppings
  • 2 eggs (boiled, scrambled or sunny side up)
  • 2 slices of whole wheat bread
Mid-morning Snack
  • 2 slices of cornbread
  • 1 glass strawberry juice
Lunch
  • Green salad
  • 1 cup tomato soup
  • 1 cup whole wheat macaroni
Mid-afternoon Snack
  • 1 bowl fresh berries
  • 1 whole wheat muffin
Dinner
  • 1 cup steamed vegetables
  • 3 oz. salmon
Bedtime Snack
  • 1 Pear
  • 1 slice cheese
Sample Meal Plan 2

Breakfast
  • 1 glass low-fat milk
  • 2 slices of whole wheat bread spread with peanut butter
  • 1 medium bowl mixed berries
Mid-morning Snack
  • 2 -3 saltine crackers
  • 1 glass orange juice
Lunch
  • 1 medium bowl cabbage soup
  • 1 tofu sandwich or 1 serving plain rice
  • 1 cup boiled pulses
Mid-afternoon Snack
  • 1 cup non-alcoholic beverage with tortilla chips
Dinner
  • 1 serving whole wheat pasta
  • 2 medium-sized baked potatoes
Bedtime Snack
  • 1 banana
  • 1 cup nuts or yogurt


Few More Tips...

• Drinking plenty of fluids helps to flush out uric acid crystals from the body. Try drinking at least 10 glasses of water everyday.
• Incorporate healthy carbs like fruits, veggies, legumes and whole grains in your diet.
• High-purine foods should be completely avoided. Substitute organ meats, fatty fish, etc., with lean and skinless meat.
• Increase the consumption of all kinds of berries. They are known to help lower the uric acid levels, due to their high cyanidin content.

To summarize, a uric acid reduction diet should be low in proteins and purines; and high in potassium and complex carbohydrates. It is essential to maintain a moderate body weight, since increased body weight can cause further complications. The diet, along with medication and exercise, will surely help to bring down as well as maintain your uric acid levels.

Disclaimer: The above Buzzle article is solely for informative purposes and does not in any way attempt to replace the advice offered by an expert on the subject. Always consult a dietitian/nutritionist before following any diet plan.
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Last Updated: January 28, 2013
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Comments
Seen your list of food articles which should I include in my diet being a patient of Uric acid Its a very informative article.I have been searching for a good article on uric acid reduction for weeks. What a wonderful site you have! Good, practical information to help me manage my life. thank-you - ashok ku. hota [March 23, 2014]
Its a very informative article.. Thanks for posting.. - Anu [January 7, 2014]
Very useful information thanks - nisar sufi [November 28, 2013]
Thanks a lot. This article is very useful to chalk out my diet plan, as i have high uric acid level most of the time for which i take one ANTI URIC 40 tab every day. I do gym regularly and used to have 2 eggs every day and chicken alternate day, but doctor suggested to have Fish instead of Chicken and eggs as protein diet increases uric acid. Same diet Chart may not work for all ...so i suggest if we can have a more interactive forum so that we can keep updating everyone about different foods and their benefits, as above chart may not cover many food items which r in our regular diet. Hope to hear from you.
Thanks any ways.
- Kiran Repe [November 25, 2013]
What if your a Diabetic ? - Kathy [October 23, 2013]
Eating tofu is not advisable if you have gout - Michael [October 20, 2013]
is der any other easy diet to reduce this disease - kawalnaaz [July 18, 2013]
i love to eat dals what will i do bt cant eat due to uric acid tell m? - vikas [May 8, 2013]
thanks for this very useful information! - Kree [April 24, 2013]
thanks...i like this diet for my mother... so kinds of youu... - roja [February 15, 2013]
Thanks . I am a High uric Acid patient. Above details are really very usefull to me - Saji [February 7, 2013]
Thanks a lot for the valuable information... - Pavan. [January 27, 2013]
very good knoledge from this site. thank a lot - p behera [January 15, 2013]
iam 32. mY uric acid is 9.6. i have some problems in ankels of both legs. what
doctor to be contact for the desease.
- pradeep b [January 15, 2013]
many problems in my ankel os both legs. my xray report is normal. now what is need to treatment in which doctor.

n
- pradeep behera [January 15, 2013]
thanks for theses information. - M.A.Awan [November 26, 2012]
It is a nice diet chart and it will definetly help to
the person suffering from uric acid
- s k verma [November 6, 2012]
Thanks...U have humanity... ;) - Johnray [October 8, 2012]
good... - anil ravindran [July 15, 2012]
very benificial - raushan [July 13, 2012]
THIS IS VERY NICE ARTICLE AND INFORMATIVE FOR CONTROLING URIC ACID. - MAHBOOB AHMAD [July 6, 2012]
Intake,moderate exercise (30mts-45mts) meditation,(20mts-30mts) chanting of mantras(10mts)must be done regularly( at least 5 days in a week) to overcome hyperuricemia - P. Banerjee. [June 14, 2012]
Seen your list of food articles which should I include in my diet being a patient of Uric acid. Please tell me whether I can take coconut and coconut water in a day since I experienced that after taking cocount I am feeling severe pain in my left knee and swelled. Please suggest because I have got several coconut trees in my house. - Mr. Ananda Roy [May 13, 2012]
thanks for the info...i really appreciate it - bhong [May 1, 2012]
thanks for shaping my plate - shamshi hassan [March 13, 2012]
What is there left to eat? - Geoff Gover [February 15, 2012]
Thank you for this information.My daughter sent it to me,I understand it more now.My fingers are quite crooked now i was eating a lot of food I thought was okay but now I will follow more closely and will print this and put it on the fridge door. Thank you again. - Elizabeth [January 20, 2012]
Kindly send me sir all viwes in hindi because some words not understad by me so request you send all details in hindi - Balwinder Sikka [October 18, 2011]
nice and very helpful thanks a lot - rohit [September 1, 2011]
this artical doing a great job to help reduction of uric acid and helping us to get knowledge about uric acid thanks - suresh subedi [August 24, 2011]
Hi. You have mentioned that carbonated beverages help in natural uric acid reduction but you also said to avoid softdrinks completely. I'm just confused.thanks - cynthia [July 21, 2011]
Check it out - Suchi [July 8, 2011]
Redection for uric acid - selvam [June 16, 2011]
its such a comprihensive information .i realy apriciate it cuse some one sufring frm this disease and hope get wel soon after read ths.
Thanx
- usman [June 8, 2011]
A good read!...quite descriptive and helpful...sharing it with others at fitjunction...a health and fitness portal...;) - Fitjunkie [June 1, 2011]
I apprciate this idea on how to have a good diet especially for a gout patient like me.

Thank you very much
- RHOY [May 27, 2011]
Thank you for valuable information - mujib [May 16, 2011]
How do I get my questions answered? - Mary [May 16, 2011]
if seafood is high in uric acid, why is glucosamine sulfate( which has seashells as ingredients) being prescribed to treat gout? - Mary [May 16, 2011]
is white and black grams is allow to eat for a patiant having rich uric acid - irfan ikhlaq [May 5, 2011]
very informative litrature,easy to understand.i have problem of heavy weight/high tsh/high uric acid/high blood pressure.

All controlled by medicines..but weight is still not controlled...
- Tahira hammad [April 18, 2011]
Excellent arcticle, many thanks. - Amit [April 6, 2011]
How on earth do I balance a diet to reduce my high uric acid problem and have had a gastric bypass that requires a high protein diet - add in to that the fact that my husband has Type One diabetes and requires a high carb. diet? (I will probably need something to improve a problem with depression fairly soon.) - Valda [March 2, 2011]
I have been searching for a good article on uric acid reduction for weeks. What a wonderful site you have! Good, practical information to help me manage my life. thank-you - Mark [February 25, 2011]
quiet interesting - gloria uloma [February 16, 2011]
It is informative and we should follow the diet plan. - Parvez [December 31, 2010]
I think this site is more helpful than any other site on the internet regarding foods to eat and foods to avoid concerning uric acid. Thank you very much! - Rosana W. Jacks [December 9, 2010]
What if I am diabetic and have to limit carbs? - Bill [November 27, 2010]
doctors are strictly advising not to eat tomatoes capsicum red pepper, for people with high uric acid,, and you are recommending these! stange! i think your article lacks credibility. - b roy [November 20, 2010]
my uric acid is high time to time and reach up to 10. I m taking Zyloric 300mg Daily. since 20 Years time to time, Plz advice me. - Sheikh Rafiq [November 17, 2010]
hello
we mostly comsume mineneral waters, It was mention that (plenty of water should be consumed to ensure elimination of uric acid through urine) mostly in gulf countries, mineral water contains(ca++,mg++,na+,k+,so4--,cl-,no3-,hco3,ph). Is there any problem to consume this water to reduce uric acid.
thanking u
- BINU.M.V. [October 17, 2010]
varry god some poor pasant treet vareey essy thanks [kasar jang bahraich u.p - dr a muheet [September 19, 2010]
varry god some poor pasant treet vareey essy thanks - dr a muheet [September 19, 2010]
Sir, I got an information that Vitamin C is contra indicated for the patient of uric acid as the metabolic end product of ascorobic acid is Oxantic acid and it is not good for Uric acid patient, so please help me to validate this fact. - Pradosh [September 14, 2010]
you say carbonated beverages help in natural uric acid reduction,and then say soft drinks should be avoided completley,,, which is it?,,it can't be both - harry moyer [August 10, 2010]
The content is very good & i hope it will definately be usefull. One suggestion, If all the food items are simalteniously metioned in india names will be more easy & usefull - Yogesh [May 24, 2010]
Dear, my age is 27 and i am un married i have a pain in my back and test for blood and urine then i found my uric acid in blood was higher side 7.2, why its happens at my age pls explain me i am very thankfull to u. - syed akram [May 9, 2010]
Thanks for suggestion. but still i confused how to give food regularly.
If u give food chart for this i am rreally thankful to u( my husband tested as high uric acid )
- meenakshi [March 21, 2010]
My ring finger is almost swollen and I could not bend and it was so painful, what do you think is the symptoms for these? - nina [March 12, 2010]
have a query.. can cereals be eaten in high uric acid case...? - piyush vaidya [December 15, 2009]
What's the difference between carbonated beverages and soft drinks? - Kathy [December 6, 2009]
This was very useful and helps in reducing the high uric acid. - Thomas [November 30, 2009]
Very informative . Thank you ! - Shanti Z [November 30, 2009]
very informative and helpfull - ali R [October 10, 2009]
it is really a accounable step to show the right path in the right direction of life - pritpal singh [August 7, 2009]