Protein is essential for our body for its proper functioning, and is considered to be a building block. But, if consumed in excess, it can have various side effects. These organic compounds made from amino acids is beneficial only if taken in right amount. The requirements vary according to the age, lifestyle, and gender. However, on an average, 0.8 to 1 gram of protein should be consumed per kilogram body weight.
Pregnant women might need to consume extra 10 grams than whatever is recommended, whereas for women who are nursing, extra 15 grams is required for the first six months. After that, 12 grams is sufficient . If you consume excess protein which is prepared from fatty animal foods, then it might add to the calories thus increasing your body weight.
Side Effects of Excess Intake
People consuming extra proteins have chances of suffering from kidney problems. Excessive consumption puts stress on the kidneys, making its functioning difficult. The kidneys have to work extra hard to filter out those extra proteins. This can cause strain on your organs, and give rise to kidney stones. This problem increases with the age.
If large amount of carbohydrates, and less amount of fats are consumed, then it can lead to less amount of fiber and thus, too much protein can cause constipation. Lack of fiber can also cause polyps, hemorrhoids and in worse case, colon cancer. Other side effects are being affected with diseases related to heart and obesity.
One of the major side effects is accumulation of ketones in the blood. It is also referred to as ketosis. Ketosis leads to dehydration to some extent. Along with flushing out of proteins, the kidney also excretes water which leads to dehydration which may make you feel weak and tired.
The more protein you consume, the more calcium is required by the body. If it does not get the minimum required calcium, then it leeches the calcium from your bones. This leeching of calcium from the bones can cause osteoporosis in which, the bones tend to become brittle, and can break off easily.
Along with the above-mentioned problems, other side effects are hypertension, dizziness, fatigue, headache, and nausea. Different kinds of allergies, and problems in the wrist, especially in women can also be seen. It tends to increase the content of acid in the blood.
After knowing the side effects, one will think twice before opting for a low-carb, high-protein diet. Even though excess protein is harmful, minimum consumption is a must for proper functioning of the body. So, consume it in the right amount, and stay healthy.
Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.