What is Tattoo Ink Made of?
Ink is the substance that gives colors to the various tattoo designs. It is injected into the skin, where the color stays. Though it is meant to be permanent, it is prone to a little bit of fading over a period of time. The ink comprises the following two basic components:
Pigments are the substances that are finely ground to provide color. They can be anything, from minerals, plastics, vegetable dyes to metallic salts, like calcium copper silicate, iron oxide, chromium oxide, and zinc oxide.
Carriers are liquid substances that are used to deliver pigments under the skin. They distribute the pigment equally, without any clumping, and also have some disinfecting agents. Some of the commonly used carriers are listerine, propylene glycol, vodka, and glycerin.
There are a variety of shades available in the market in tattoo inks. Not only are there many colors, but there are also many different recipes used by different tattoo artists to make these inks. The basic colors are:
- Crimson red
- Mud red
- UV Ink:
Body art made with this type of ink requires the presence of a UV/black light to glow. These tattoos appear in bright vibrant colors in normal light, and glow on exposure to black light. There are also some inks that glow in absolute darkness, but these are toxic and can have certain side effects.
Henna has been used for body art since ages. It is obtained from the plant Lawsonia inermis. It is temporary, and can be used on any surface, like on the skin or on finger nails. Many people opt for henna tattoos, as they are relatively inexpensive and absolutely painless.
- White Ink:
White ink tattoos are becoming popular all over the world, as they are much different than the traditional ones. Those who are not comfortable with the visible bold designs go for these faint white lines.