Advertisement
What is Hysterectomy?
Hysterectomy is the scientific name for the surgical removal of the uterus only and not the fallopian tube or ovaries. These are not emergency operations. So, there is time to think and thinking is something that you should do before getting hysterectomy done. Since it means the removal of such a part which has important functions in female body. Therefore it is better to think of other options as well if removing the uterus is not the only option left because, after the surgery is done there are various side effects that can be observed. Here we will discuss some of those side effects.

Why does Hysterectomy Have an Impact on the Body?
Hysterectomy has side effects since it involves the removal of uterus, which is associated with one of the unique features of the female body that is reproduction. Uterus is the part of the body that accommodates and provides nourishment to the fetus from conception till birth, and helps in the delivery of the baby.

While the female body is not involved in reproduction, the uterine lining that is prepared every ovarian cycle to facilitate conception, breaks down; thus resulting in the monthly menstrual flow, or period. As the uterus is removed and hysterectomy done, evidently a woman can no longer have children and menstruation also stops naturally, since the two are correlated. The ovaries that are not influenced to an extent continue to produce hormones, though at times their activity is reduced to a level.

Side Effects of Hysterectomy
There are various factors on which depends how a person's body would react to hysterectomy like the ones that follow:
  • Age
  • Whether the surgery was done after menopause
  • Type of hysterectomy
Like the hysterectomy that we are discussing here, that when the uterus is removed and the ovaries are still there, the body behaves the same as it would have when you had menstruation, but you will not bleed and to top it all there would be hormonal changes and you would have to face something like pre-menstrual symptoms.

Physical Side Effects
  • Women after hysterectomy are fatigued more often than before.
  • They suffer from headaches.
  • Tendency to gain weight is one of the hysterectomy side effects.
  • One might suffer from hair loss and hot flashes.
  • Women become prone to heart diseases and osteoporosis.
  • They might complaint of pain in the joints.
  • Don't be surprised if she fails to remember a few things since these people do suffer from memory lapses.
  • They become depressive and suffer from hypertension or anxiety, at times also complain off heart palpitations.
  • There can also be urinary problems.
  • Since uterus has got to do with the sexual behavior for a person, removal of the uterus might result in low sex drive, painful intercourse and vaginal dryness.
  • This can be true for some women and it is just the opposite for other women.
  • There are hormonal changes after this surgery and that also contributes to the sexual urge of a person.
  • Though one can get over it since sex is all about the mental state of a person.
Emotional After Effects
  • Let me tell you and take this as a fact and not an assumption that hysterectomy actually affects the self-esteem of some women who feel that they have lost an important ability and a privilege.
  • They feel and react very strongly and go through a depressive phase.
  • Only the partner and the family can help her out in this phase.
  • So, try to help and do not worry women do come out of this phase with a little encouragement and appreciation.
  • Women face a lot of emotional problems when they go through menopause naturally whereas this is surgically induced menopause, thus comes with added baggage.
These were the various side effects of hysterectomy. Make sure you go to an experienced gynecologist if a hysterectomy is necessary. The doctor will help you in deciding the appropriate type of hysterectomy. There is partial hysterectomy, where the uterus is removed and the cervix is left intact. In total hysterectomy both the uterus and cervix are removed. There is radical hysterectomy where the upper part of vagina, tissue on both side of cervix and uterus are removed. However, radical hysterectomy is only performed if the patient has cancer.

It is essential that when mothers or wives or sisters go through this phase, other members of the family show a certain level of sensitivity that is required to take the patient out of the trauma of losing an essential body part. It is the same depression that a person might go through after losing a hand or leg. Believe it or not! This is truth and not exaggeration.