As mentioned above, human parvovirus B19 causes infection in human beings. People of all age groups are susceptible to this disease, but it is commonly found in infants and children. It is a highly contagious condition and can be easily transmitted from one person to the other through respiratory droplets. However, parvovirus infection or fifth disease is contagious only in the initial phase, i.e. before the rash appears. Once the rash appears, the condition is no longer contagious. Parvovirus infection can be more severe in case of pregnant women and people suffering from anemia and different types of cancer. The parvovirus B19 is also believed to give rise to anemia in people suffering from AIDS.
The early symptoms of parvovirus infection are difficult to associate with this disease as they seem similar to common cold or flu (influenza). The following are the early signs to look for:
- Slight fever
- Sore throat
The treatment depends on the severity of the condition. In case the person is not suffering from other disorders, he/she can be treated with the help of medications like non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs, and other prescription drugs. Secondly, as it is a viral infection, it is essential to take plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids to get rid of the infection soon. On the other hand, in case people suffering from anemia contract parvovirus infection, they need to undertake different treatment than the traditional methods. Children and people with a compromised immune system should go for immune globulin injections for the same.
Unfortunately this disease cannot be prevented as it is detected in a far later stage. Therefore, it is essential to identify the symptoms early in order to treat it immediately. Take care!
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.