Osiris - The Ancient Egyptian God

Osiris is the Egyptian god of the afterlife. He is also known as Usiris, Asar, Aser, Ausar, Ausir, Wesir and Ausare. Here is more information about Osiris, the ancient Egyptian god.
Osiris is often considered to be the first ancient Egyptian god to be officially recorded in written scripts of ancient Egypt. Since Osiris is the god of afterlife, many of his carvings and inscriptions have been found in tombs and pyramids throughout Egypt. The oldest carving or attestation of Osiris, found on a Palermo stone, dates back to the year 2500 B.C. Records show that Osiris was widely worshiped in ancient Egypt, until the Christian rulers abolished all pagan and Egyptian religions, customs and traditions.

In Egyptian mythology, Osiris is believed to the eldest offspring of Geb (Egyptian god of Earth) and Nut (Egyptian sky goddess). He was the husband of Isis, who is the Egyptian goddess of fertility and motherhood and was worshiped as the ideal mother by ancient Egyptians. Osiris was also the father of Horus.

Osiris was one of the most important deities of ancient Egypt. The people of ancient Egypt believed in the concept of life after death. Hence, Osiris was the presiding god of all the ceremonies and rituals like mummification and burial. Osiris is also considered to be the god of resurrection and eternal life. He is also the protector of the dead, and is also considered as the judge of the deceased.

The Legend of Osiris

According to the Egyptian mythology, the Sun god Ra, was the first ruler of land (also referred to as Skondia in Egyptian culture). His wisdom and predictions told him that the child of goddess Nut would be his successor. Feeling insecure, Ra cursed Nut saying that she would not be able to give birth to a child on any day of the year. A heartbroken Nut went to Thoth (the god of wisdom who is considered to have thrice-great wisdom) for help. Thoth assured her not to worry and in turn challenged Khensu, the moon god, and challenged him for a game of checkers. Khensu accepted the challenge and the two began to gamble. Thoth kept on winning the games and the stakes started climbing higher and higher. In the game, Khensu lost a lot of his 'light' to Thoth. Thoth, made up five days between the beginning and end of the year, from the light that he had won. Nut gave birth to Osiris in the first of the five days. According to the tradition of pharaohs and gods, Osiris married his sister Isis.

Contribution of Osiris to Ancient Egypt

According to the tales of ancient Egypt, Ra became very old and left Earth to rule the heavens. According to Ra's prediction, Osiris indeed succeeded him. During the initial stages of Osiris' rule, the people displayed savage behavior. They constantly engaged in fights, showed signs of cannibalism, which greatly disturbed Osiris. He decided to make his people civilized. He started by teaching his people the activity of farming. He taught his people to plant, tend and harvest wheat and barley crops. He taught his people to grind the wheat grain into flour and make bread. It is said that Osiris, also developed the technique of wine making. He taught them the basic laws of civilization, and also introduced the arts of poetry and music.

The popularity of Osiris, made his brother Set jealous. Set was coincidentally the lord of evil. After Osiris had managed to civilize his people, he left on a journey to spread wisdom all over the world. Upon his return, he was killed by Set, who put his dead body in a chest. A heartbroken Isis started searching for the chest, in which the body of her husband was imprisoned. She left Horus (son of Isis and Osiris), in the care of goddess Buto (represented as a cobra). Isis recovered the chest and was retuning to the abode of Buto, when Set spotted the case. He made 14 pieces of the body and scattered them all over the kingdom of Osiris. Isis gathered up the pieces and created the first mummy. It was believed that the spirit of Osiris would come back to his body and he would rise again.

Indeed, the spirit of Osiris is said to have returned; however, not to his body, but as his son. The spirit of Osiris made his son Horus, a proficient leader and warrior by teaching him the arts of statesmanship and military leadership. Horus eventually avenged his father's death and killed Set. According to some stories, he banished Set into the great western desert.

The Egyptians believed that the spirit of Osiris would come back to its body and would rise once again from its grave (located on the island of Philae) and with him, he would bring to life all those who had worshiped him and had been his followers. This is why, the Egyptians took up the rituals of mummification.

Note: The picture depicts Osiris and Pharaoh Tutankhamen
Published: May 26, 2009
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what toys does Egypt have - connor [March 28, 2014]
How do Egypt get food - connor [March 28, 2014]
How does Egypt get water - connor [March 28, 2014]
Isn't the legend of Osiris. The Legend:
Set/Seth tricked Osiris into going into a coffin by asking at a baquet: Which god can fix perfectly into this coffin can keep the coffin. Set/Seth designed the coffin especially for Osiris, Seth/Set did this becauase he was jealous his brother was king, when it was Osiris's turn to try the coffin, he went in and Set/Seth locked the coffin and threw it down the Nile River. The coffin got stuck in a sapling and the sapling grew, so it was out of water's reach. Isis and Horus found the coffin, but Set/Seth cut the body into 18 pieces. Isis was devasted. She and her sister (Set's wife and sister) searched for the body pieces. IT took years to find, but they did. Isis used her magic to heal her husband. He became the Afterlife god because he was the 1st person to be resurrected, during the time when Isis was healing him, he became green.

-Isis, Set, and Set's wife are all siblings of him
-Horus is his son
-Anubis is his nefew (HEnce, Anubis is Set's son)
- AWESOMNESS100 [December 2, 2013]
i learned alot thx and i might visit agin for another report p.s i am eygptian i just learned! - viola [November 13, 2013]
I love this sight, to me it is very helpful and it gets straight to the point. I will revisit this page. THANKS! - Derek [November 5, 2013]
cool website - poppy.s [February 25, 2013]
Thank you, this helped a lot with my Egyptian project! - Bailey [February 21, 2013]
This help me a lot! - Crystal M. Chin [January 30, 2013]
we also discourage the use of out comments section as a space for promoting any personal or commercial websites and hence do not allow - sokheng [December 12, 2011]
egyptian is country have people to many well it have person in - sokheng [December 12, 2011]
we belive in freedow of expreeion and encourage heatly critique and suggestions. however we have a stringent policy against inapporiate - osiris [November 14, 2011]
Very Nice Article!Great job - Abigael [August 11, 2011]
thank you so...much now, i have an assignment =) =) =) - mitsuhua [June 9, 2011]
needs more on what he did and why did they worship him. to much on his actual life - jessica s [January 24, 2011]
I think the information you had on Osiris was precise and to the point. No doubt that i will continue returning to your site. Osiris and Isis are my deities. I am wiccan,and i am satisfied with what i learn on your site. Thanks. - Terry E. [November 12, 2010]
I use your site alot for all types of research. Your a very informative site. Thanks for the help. Sincerely, Terry Elliott - Terry L. Elliot [November 12, 2010]
This site has helped me for my project. Thanks heaps! - Lilly [October 20, 2010]
I think that it is cool...
Osiris is awesome
- Osiris [June 24, 2010]
I think this is not bad of a web site for ancient egypt information. Most information is about Ra and Osiris. - Amanda [February 24, 2010]
the info hardly tells me anything about osiris add sme more to it ppl - stephanie [January 20, 2010]
osiris is someone im doing a project on he seems interesting to me
not really i just wanna get a good grade
- kimberly taylor [January 20, 2010]
i think this info is good - maarten k [November 21, 2009]
rubbish weres the pictures I can only see 1 more pictures of osiris by himself, but lots of great information 4 out of ten. - claire [May 26, 2009]