Nutrition Facts of Coffee
Caffeine is the main component of coffee. The average caffeine content varies as per the coffee type, and is as follows:
Note : In the following chart we shall take into consideration the amount of caffeine present in 100g of the coffee types.
|Drip coffee||80-100 mg|
|Decaf, brewed||6-14 mg|
|Decaf, instant||1-3 mg|
|Decaf, Espresso||8-10 mg|
Other compounds found in coffee are carbohydrates, lipid, vitamins and minerals. Besides these, there are more than a thousand compounds likely to be present in coffee. The quality and quantity of these compounds may vary depending upon the processing of coffee.
Coffee beans are likely to contain abundant quantities of three major polysaccharides. Out of them, galactomannan and type II arabinogalactan are dominant in coffee beverage. There are mainly two types of polysaccharides such as digestible and indigestible. The indigestible form is known as dietary fibers. Coffee beans are known for having a large quantity of dietary fibers. However, they are not passed onto coffee beverage consumer due to roasting, grinding and brewing of coffee beans. Coffee beans have abundant amount of phenolics, which are able to bind to dietary proteins and fibers, thus possessing significant antioxidant benefits.
|Total Carbohydrates||9-10 mg|
Note : This amount is for serving size of 1 fl oz.
Coffee with sugar and milk, if served 10fl.ozs, contains about 1gm of total fat, about 5mg cholesterol, approximately 70mg sodium and nearly 16gm of total carbohydrates. It consists of 4% calcium. Coffee consists of numerous trace minerals such as Niacin, Thiamin, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Folate and, Manganese.
Coffee is known for several health benefits. Caffeine present in coffee is a mild stimulant and shows effects on the central nervous system. It enhances and alters mood as well as increases alertness. Caffeine is found to be effective for decreasing muscle pain and augmenting pain-relieving ability of other drugs. It also boosts athletic performance and endurance. Consumption of coffee can help to lose weight, improves normal glucose metabolism and burns excess calories. Other benefits include:
- Reduced risk of gallstone disease
- Decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease
- Reduced risk of Type 2 Diabetes
- Enhanced cognitive performance
- Antioxidants present in coffee are beneficial for health
- Reduced asthma attacks
- Reduced risk of cancer such as esophageal, oral and pharyngeal cancer.