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Highest military ranks
The armed forces of a country are one of its most important assets. The military is necessary for maintaining the sovereignty of a nation. In an uncertain world, the military acts as a deterrent against foreign aggression. Military, like so many other organizations in the world, follows a hierarchical structure. The hierarchy is observed so that there is better distribution of tasks, and the military, as a whole, is organized. Numerous countries in the world have the President, or the reigning constitutional monarch as the head of the armed forces although their roles are largely ceremonial, and it is the General, or the Fleet Admiral, who is in active charge of the forces. Mentioned below are the military ranks in some of the militarily strongest countries in the world.
United States of America
The Armed Forces of the United States of America have played an important role in making America one of the biggest superpowers on earth. The history of the US military dates back to 1775, when American soldiers fought against the British Empire in the American Revolutionary War. Today, the US military is made up by the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The military is headed by the President of the US. The U.S. Department of Defense directs the military policies, and is headed by the Secretary of Defense. At around $700 billion (2012 est.), the US has the highest defense budget in the world. Mentioned below are the ranks of the armed forces of US.
Army
► Enlisted Soldier

Private
Private 2
Private First Class
Specialist

► Non-Commissioned Officer

Corporal
Sergeant
Staff Sergeant
Sergeant First Class
Master Sergeant
First Sergeant
Sergeant Major
Command Sergeant Major
Sergeant Major of the Army

► Warrant Officer

Warrant Officer
Chief Warrant Officer 2
Chief Warrant Officer 3
Chief Warrant Officer 4
Chief Warrant Officer 5
► Commissioned Officer

Second Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
Captain

► Field Officer

Major
Lieutenant Colonel
Colonel

► General Officer

Brigadier General
Major General
Lieutenant General
General
General of the Army
Navy
► Seaman

Seaman Recruit
Seaman Apprentice
Seaman
Petty Officer 3rd Class

► Petty Officer

Petty Officer 3rd Class
Petty Officer 2nd Class
Petty Officer 1st Class

► Chief Petty Officer

Chief Petty Officer
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
Command Master Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy
► Warrant Officer

Warrant Officer
Chief Warrant Officer 2
Chief Warrant Officer 3
Chief Warrant Officer 4
Chief Warrant Officer 5

► Junior Officer

Ensign
Lieutenant Junior Grade
Lieutenant
Lieutenant Commander

► Senior Officer

Commander
Captain

► Flag Officer

Rear Admiral Lower Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Vice Admiral
Admiral
Fleet Admiral
Air Force
► Enlisted Airman

Airman Basic
Airman
Airman First Class
Senior Airman

► Non-Commissioned Officer

Staff Sergeant
Technical Sergeant
Master Sergeant
Senior Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
Command Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force
► Commissioned Officer

Second Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
Captain

► Field Officer

Second Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
Captain
Major
Lieutenant Colonel
Colonel

► General Officer

Brigadier General
Major General
Lieutenant General
General Air Force Chief of Staff
General of the Air Force
Marine Corps

► Enlisted Soldier

Private
Private First Class
Lance Corporal

► Non-Commissioned Officer

Corporal
Sergeant
Staff Sergeant
Gunnery Sergeant
Master Sergeant
First Sergeant
Master Gunnery Sergeant
Sergeant Major
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
► Warrant Officer

Warrant Officer
Chief Warrant Officer 2
Chief Warrant Officer 3
Chief Warrant Officer 4
Chief Warrant Officer 5

► Commissioned Officer

Second Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
Captain

► Field Officer

Major
Lieutenant Colonel
Colonel

► General Officer

Brigadier General
Major General
Lieutenant General
General
Coast Guard
► Seaman

Seaman Recruit
Seaman Apprentice
Seaman

► Petty Officer

Petty Officer Third Class
Petty Officer Second Class
Petty Officer First Class
Chief Petty Officer
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
Command Master Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer Of The Coast Guard
► Warrant Officer

Warrant Officer
Chief Warrant Officer 2
Chief Warrant Officer 3
Chief Warrant Officer 4

► Junior Officer

Ensign
Lieutenant Junior Grade
Lieutenant
Lieutenant Commander

► Senior Officer

Commander
Captain

► Flag Officer

Rear Admiral Lower Half
Rear Admiral
Vice Admiral
Admiral
Russia
After the fall of the Soviet Union in December 1991, the armed forces of Russia came into being as the President Boris Yeltsin established the Russian Ministry of Defence in 1992. Today, Russia is one of the top military powers of the world with an estimated defense budget of $64 billion. Mentioned below is the hierarchy in the Russian military.
Army & Air Force
► Soldier, Airman

Ryadovóy (Private)
Yefréytor (Efreitor)

► Sergeant & Petty Officer

Mládshiy Serzhánt (Junior Sergeant)
Serzhánt (Sergeant)
Stárshiy Serzhánt (Senior Sergeant)
Starshiná (Master Sergeant)

► Master Non-Commissioned Officer

Práporshchik (Warrant Officer)
Stárshiy Práporshchik (Senior Warrant Officer)
► Junior Officer

Mládshiy Leytenánt (Junior Lieutenant)
Leytenánt (Lieutenant)
Stárshiy Leytenánt (Senior Lieutenant)
Kapitán (Captain)

► Senior Officer

Mayór (Major)
Podpolkóvnik (Lieutenant Colonel)
Polkóvnik (Colonel)

► General Officer

Generál-Mayór (Major General)
Generál-Leytenánt (Lieutenant General)
Generál-Polkóvnik (Colonel General)
Generál Ármii (General)
Márshal Rossíyskoy Federátsii (Marshal)
Navy
► Warrant Officers & Rates

Matros (Seaman)
Stárshiy matros (Senior Seaman)
Starshina 2 stat'i (Petty Officer Second Class)
Starshina 1 stat'i (Petty Officer First Class)
Glavniy starshina (Chief Petty Officer)
Glavniy Korabyel'niy Starshina (Chief Ship Petty Officer)
Michman (W.O.)
Stárshiy Michman (Chief W.O.)
► Commissioned Officers

Mladshiy Leytenánt (Junior Lieutenant)
Leytenánt (Lieutenant)
Stárshiy Leytenánt (Senior Lieutenant)
Kapitan-Leytenánt (Captain Lieutenant)
Kapitan 3-go ranga (Captain 3rd Rank)
Kapitan 2-go ranga (Captain 2nd Rank)
Kapitan 1-go Ranga (Captain 1st Rank)
Kontr-Admiral (Rear Admiral)
Vitsye-Admiral (Vice Admiral)
Admiral
Admiral Flota (Admiral of the Fleet)

► Master Non-Commissioned Officers

Práporshchik (Warrant Officer)
Stárshiy Práporshchik (Senior Warrant Officer)
► Junior Officer

Mládshiy Leytenánt (Junior Lieutenant)
Leytenánt (Lieutenant)
Stárshiy Leytenánt (Senior Lieutenant)
Kapitán (Captain)

► Senior Officer

Mayór (Major)
Podpolkóvnik (Lieutenant Colonel)
Polkóvnik (Colonel)

► General Officer

Generál-Mayór (Major General)
Generál-Leytenánt (Lieutenant General)
Generál-Polkóvnik (Colonel General)
Generál Ármii (General)
Márshal Rossíyskoy Federátsii (Marshal)
Great Britain
The British Armed Forces are officially known as Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and they swear their allegiance to the monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Great Britain has an annual defense budget of $57 billion. United Kingdom is also one of the five recognized nuclear powers in the world.
Army
► Other Ranks

Private
Lance Corporal
Corporal
Sergeant
Staff/Colour Sergeant
Warrant Officer Class 2
Warrant Officer Class 1

► Officer Ranks

Officer Cadet
Second Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Captain
Major
Lieutenant Colonel
Colonel
Brigadier
Major General
Lieutenant General
General
Royal Air Force (RAF)
► Non-Commissioned Rank

Leading Aircraftman
Senior Aircraftman
Senior Aircraftman (Technician)
Junior Technician
Corporal
Sergeant
Chief Technician
Flight Sergeant
Warrant Officer

► Commissioned Rank

Pilot
Flying Officer
Flight Lieutenant
Leytenánt (Lieutenant)
Squadron Leader
Wing Commander
Group Captain
Air Commodore
Air Vice-Marshal
Air Marshal
Air Chief Marshal
Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Royal Navy
► Non-Commissioned Rank

Rating
Leading Hand
Petty Officer
Chief Petty Officer
Warrant Officer

► Commissioned Rank

Acting Sublieutenant
Sublieutenant
Lieutenant
Lieutenant-Commander
Commander
Captain
Commodore
Rear Admiral
Vice Admiral
Admiral
Admiral of the Fleet
China
Chine is ruled by a single-party Communist government, which maintains the world's largest army - The People's Liberation Army (PLA)- with an estimated 3 million members. China is a recognized nuclear power and has a defense budget of about $130 billion.
People's Liberation Army
► Enlisted Personnel

Lie Bing (Private)
Shang Deng Bing (Senior Private)
Xia Shi (Corporal)
Zhong Shi (Sergeant)
Shang Shi (Sergeant Class 1)
Si Ji Jun Shi Zhang (Master Sergeant Class 4)
San Ji Jun Shi Zhang (Master Sergeant Class 3)
Er Ji Jun Shi Zhang (Master Sergeant Class 2)
Yi Ji Jun Shi Zhang (Master Sergeant Class 1)
► Officer Ranks

Xuéyuán (Officer Cadet)
Shàowèi (Second Lieutenant)
Zhōngwèi (First Lieutenant)
Shàngwèi (Captain)
Dàwèi (Senior Captain)
Shàoxiào (Major)
Zhōngxiào (Lieutenant Colonel)
Shàngxiào (Colonel)
Dàxiào (Senior Colonel/Brigadier)
Shàojiàng (Major General)
Zhōngjiàng (Lieutenant General)
Shàngjiàng (General)

(The ranks of the Chinese army, navy, and air force generally correspond.)
India
India is the world's largest arms importer, and has the second largest standing army in the world after China. India was not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and hence, is not recognized as a Nuclear Weapons State (NWS). However, India tested its first nuclear weapon in 1974, and today, it is known as a nuclear-armed nation. The defense budget of India is around $48 billion.
Army
► Non-Commissioned Rank

Sepoy
Lance Naik
Naik

► Junior Commissioned Officer

Naib Subedar
Subedar
Subedar Major

► Commissioned Officer

Lieutenant
Captain
Major
Lieutenant Colonel
Colonel
Brigadier
Major General
Lieutenant General
General
Field Marshal
Navy
► Junior Commissioned Officer

Seaman 2
Seaman 1
Leading Seaman
Petty Officer
Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer 2
Master Chief Petty Officer 1

► Commissioned Officer

Sublieutenant
Lieutenant
Lieutenant Commander
Commander
Captain
Commodore
Rear Admiral
Vice Admiral
Admiral
Admiral of the Fleet
Air Force
► Non-Commissioned Officer

Airman
Leading Aircraftsman
Corporal
Sergeant

► Junior Commissioned Officer

Junior Warrant Officer
Warrant Officer
Master Warrant Officer

► Commissioned Officer

Flying Officer
Flight Lieutenant
Squadron Leader
Wing Commander
Group Captain
Air Commodore
Air Vice Marshal
Air Marshal
Air Chief Marshal
Marshal of the Air Force (War-time rank)