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Quick Tips
✦ Try successive planting of root crops like beets and radishes.
✦ Winter crops should be protected from pigeons, so provide suitable nets.
While most people consider gardening in spring or summer, a winter garden can give a variety of fresh vegetables for stews and pies. So, don't think your garden will be vacant 'coz it's winter. There are many plants that can be grown and nurtured in winter. You just need to be careful about sowing and growing them. Check for the specific harvest dates for your region before sowing them.

Plant your winter crops early so that they reach their maturity before the chilling frost. We've enlisted 21 of the most flavorful winter vegetables. These are extremely palatable besides being healthy. Ponder on.
Most Flavorful Winter Vegetables
Beetroot
Beetroot
Binomial Name: Beta vulgaris var. crassa.
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 90 days

Beetroot requires warm areas for growth. They prefer well-drained, open soil with a high content of lime.
Broad Beans
Broad beans
Binomial Name: Vicia faba
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: Around 90 days

Broad beans or fava beans are one of the most ancient beans grown. This food crop besides being pretty delicious, is very hardy, and hence, can withstand cold climate. Autumn-sown beans will get produced by early winters. Unlike other legumes, broad beans can grow in soils with high saline content.
Broccoli
Broccoli
Binomial Name: Brassica oleracea (Italica Group)
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: 65 - 70 days

Broccoli can be grown year round in a temperate climate. But it tastes sweetest in cooler temperatures. This leafy green plant grows best in fertile soil. You'll need to buy baskets of broccoli seedlings, and these should be fed with ample water. Don't let the soil dry away. Seeds can be sown in early winter for spring harvest. If the head gets dark green in color, it's time to harvest it. Broccoli, an extremely healthy vegetable, can be used especially in soups and salads.
Brussels Sprouts
Brussels sprouts
Binomial Name: Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera group)
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: Around 90 days

This is a traditional winter stock veggie. Plant from May to early June, and harvest from September to March. It is suitable to any garden soil in full sun. Sprouts are sweetest after frost.
Cabbage
Cabbage
Binomial Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: Around 60 days

Cabbage is a heavy feeder, so it requires ample amount of lime, and hence the pH value of soil should be greater than 6. Sow cabbage with seeds in late spring, for a winter harvest. You can also sow right through the winter (withstands cold climate) for a spring harvest. Mulching the cabbage plant can protect it from heaviest of frost. They also need to be protected from caterpillars. When the head of cabbage feels firm, it's time to harvest it. Savoy Cabbage, the hardiest of all, is a perfect winter crop.
Carrots
Carrots
Binomial Name: Daucus carota subsp. sativus
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 90 days

Another tasty winter vegetable! Owing to so many varieties, these can be grown in beds, containers, or even window boxes. Carrots require light, fertile soil. Plant it in mid-July for a harvest in fall. Late harvesting will give you sweeter results.
Cauliflower
Cauliflower
Binomial Name: One of the Brassica oleracea species (Botrytis cultivar group)
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: Around 90 days

Believe it or not, cauliflower is a cold weather crop, though it grows year round. This plant can be sowed in mid-July for a fall harvest, and in September for harvest in spring.
Celeriac
Celery
Binomial Name: Apium graveolens var. rapaceum
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: up to 120 days

This ugly-looking vegetable may not seem flavorful to you, but we tell you that looks are deceitful. Celeriac grows its best in cooler months of fall and winter. Sow seeds indoors. It requires well-drained soil with mild light conditions. It is ideal to plant this crop during July. Since this plant is shallow rotted, you need to water it regularly.
Endive/Chicory
Chicory
Binomial Name: Cichorium intybus, Cichorium endivia
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: up to 120 days

Chicory is a late fall crop. Endive is a bitter version of chicory, and grows well in fall and winter. But this crop is forcefully grown creating artificial scenarios, making them available year round.
Fennel
Fennel
Binomial Name: Foeniculum vulgare
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: 60 - 90 days

The natural season of fennel is from fall to early months of spring. Like all cold weather crops, this crop tastes sweeter in cooler months, and tastes bitter in warmer conditions.
Kale
Kale
Binomial Name: Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group)
Category: Leaf crop
Maturity: 30 - 40 days

Kale is another winter crop loved by all. It is a wilder version of cabbage. This leafy vegetable has green and purple leaves. It tastes sweet in winter, and sweeter when exposed to frost. It is widely used in soups and is preferred as chips. Some traditional dishes include boerenkool and colcannon, which is a popular Halloween delicacy.
Leek
Leeks
Binomial Name: Allium ampeloprasum L.
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 60 days

Leek belongs to the family of onions and garlic, and also has a similar taste to onions. Sow them from small seedlings. This hardy crop reaches its maturity in autumn months, usually. It is crunchy and firm when raw.
Parsnips
Parsnip
Binomial Name: Pastinaca sativa
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 100 - 130 days

This is a close cousin of carrot. It should be pulled in January or early February after heavy frost, which turn them all the more sweet. It tastes similar to carrot and smells like fresh parsley. They impart a rich flavor when used in soups and stews, but they can be boiled, roasted, or fried too.
Radicchio
Radicchio
Binomial Name: Cichorium intybus, Asteraceae
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 30 - 35 days

Radicchio is tasty but often misunderstood. It belongs to the chicory family, and hence, it has a slightly bitter flavor. It is a late-season winter vegetable. Although it requires low temperature to grow and impart the beautiful red color, it cannot bear freezing weather. Its bitter, spicy taste softens and blends when roasted or grilled.
Radish
White and red winter radish
Binomial Name: Raphanus sativus
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Up to 30 - 35 days

Winter radishes are more interesting than its summer varieties. Daikon is a popular winter variety. It is mostly eaten raw in salads. Try blending it in butter and salt, which would create a spicy, yummy radish. This cool season crop requires sandy loams with a pH value between 6 - 7. Pull them when they are tender and younger, else they may crack and split.
Sweet Potatoes
Sweet potato
Binomial Name: Ipomoea batatas
Category: Root crop
Maturity: 90 - 120 days

Sweet potatoes are normally sold as yam. Their growing season is from late summers through winters. They should be overwintered indoors when temperatures fall below 40°F, as they cannot tolerate frost. Provide well-drained soil with ample sunlight for best production.
Turnips
Turnips
Binomial Name: Brassica rapa subsp. rapa
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 60 days

Turnips grow best in a cooler climate. This taproot becomes woody if exposed to hot temperatures. They should be typically planted in late spring before the last frost to harvest in winters. But they can also be planted in summers for a second fall harvest. They possess a strong flavor like that of mustard greens.
Winter Squash
Squash and pumpkin
Binomial Name: Cucurbita sp.
Category: Root crop
Maturity: Around 60 days

All the varieties of winter squash do well in early fall and last up to winter. In fact, they are a staple food in spring and winter. Winter squash can be cooked―baked or pureed. The popular butternut squash has a nutty flavor. Go for the ones that are heavy in size. They have a longer shelf life, making a great late-winter crop.
Popular Winter Vegetables for Storage and Harvest
Onion
Onion family: Plan early planting for onions, and they'll be ready to harvest by next summer. Spring onions make a tasty winter salad ingredient. Sow them in early autumn for an early spring harvest.
Garlic
Garlic: Garlic does best when planted in fall, with October being the most ideal month. Protect your garlic with a cloche.
Potatoes
Potatoes: Nothing tastes better that home-grown potatoes. They can be grown as a winter crop in climate zones that are warmer. They require well-drained soil and consistent moisture.