List of Countries in Asia

Asia is the largest continent in the world, both in terms of area and population. Read on to know more about the countries in this gigantic continent.
Fact about countries in Asia
Asia is a land of extremes. Not only is it the largest continent in the world, but it also contains the

• two most populous countries in the world, China and India.

most populous democracy in the world, India.

largest country in the world, Russia.

highest point on the surface of the Earth, Mt. Everest, and the lowest, the Mariana Trench.

5 most populous megacities in the world: Tokyo, Guangzhou, Seoul, Jakarta and Shanghai.

• 5 of the ten most densely populated countries in the world, Singapore, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Maldives, Palestine.

Asia contains 49 countries (excluding Taiwan, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Northern Cyprus, Nagorno-Karabakh, Hong Kong and Macau).

Map of Asia
Asia (highlighted) in the world

Geographically, Asia is divided into 6 regions:

North Asia

The gigantic Russia constitutes the entire region of North Asia, and extends across the Urals into Europe. The Soviet Union contained numerous countries in West and Central Asia, which separated during its division.

►► Russia
Capital: Moscow

South Asia

The Indian subcontinent constitutes the South Asian region. This region has gained notoriety due to the continual struggle between the two regional powers, India and Pakistan, and the tripartite clashes over the volatile region of Kashmir between India, Pakistan and the latter's ally, PR China; all three are nuclear weapon states. The region hosts the most populous river system in the world -- the Ganga (Ganges) river system across northern India, Nepal, and Bangladesh, and the largest mangrove forest in the world -- the Sunderbans.

►► Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu

►► Bhutan
Capital: Thimphu

►► Maldives
Capital: Male

►► India
Capital: New Delhi

►► Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad

►► Bangladesh
Capital: Dhaka

►► Sri Lanka
Capital: Colombo

West Asia

West Asia, also called the Middle East, is famous for being the 'cradle of mankind'. The first civilizations in human history flourished in these regions. It is famous for the vast stores of oil it holds. The epicenter of the centuries-old struggle between Jews and Arabs is Israel, situated in the Middle East.

►► Yemen
Capital: Sana'a

►► Iraq
Capital: Baghdad

►► Iran
Capital: Tehran

►► Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul

►► Israel
Capital: Jerusalem

►► Lebanon
Capital: Beirut

►► Palestine
Capital: Ramallah

►► Turkey
Capital: Ankara

►► Cyprus
Capital: Nicosia

►► Syria
Capital: Damascus

►► Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh

►► Oman
Capital: Muscat

►► Jordan
Capital: Amman

►► Qatar
Capital: Doha

►► Kuwait
Capital: Kuwait City

►► United Arab Emirates
Capital: Abu Dhabi

►► Bahrain
Capital: Manama

►► Armenia
Capital: Yerevan

►► Azerbaijan
Capital: Baku

►► Georgia
Capital: Tbilisi

NOTE: 1. Turkey, Cyprus, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan are politically included in Europe, but geographically in Asia.

2. A part of Egypt, the Sinai peninsula, lies on the other side of the Suez canal in Asia. but Egypt is not considered as an Asian country because of it.

Central Asia

This region, previously a part of the Soviet Union, is one of the most inhospitable on earth. Formed by deserts, mountains and steppes, this region houses some of the least densely populated countries in the world.

►► Uzbekistan
Capital: Tashkent

►► Turkmenistan
Capital: Ashgabat
►► Kazakhstan
Capital: Astana

►► Tajikistan
Capital: Dushanbe

►► Kyrgyzstan
Capital: Bishkek

East Asia

With much of East Asia blanketed by the Gobi desert, and the rest wracked by earthquakes with a frightening regularity, it may be surprising to know that this seemingly uninhabitable region holds three of the world's biggest economies -- Japan, South Korea and PR China.

►► South Korea
Capital: Seoul

►► Mongolia
Capital: Ulan Bator
►► Japan
Capital: Tokyo

►► PR China
Capital: Beijing

►► North Korea
Capital: Pyongyang

Southeast Asia

Lying across the Equator, this hot, humid region is defined by its lush rainforests, beautiful coasts and, rather tragically, the iconic Vietnam War. This region is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, and is a globally popular travel destination.

►► Burma
Capital: Nay Pyi Taw

►► Thailand
Capital: Bangkok

►► Laos
Capital: Vientiane

►► Cambodia
Capital: Phnom Penh

►► Vietnam
Capital: Hanoi
►► Indonesia
Capital: Jakarta

►► Malaysia
Capital: Kuala Lumpur

►► Philippines
Capital: Manila

►► Singapore
Capital: Singapore (City-state)

►► Brunei
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

►► Timor-Leste
Capital: Dili

Asia is well and truly a giant, and an enchanting and bewildering land of exhilarating extremes.
Last Updated: May 15, 2013
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Part of an ASIA :
West Asia - 16
Southeast Asia-11
South Asia - 9
Central Asia - 8
East Asia - 6
North Asia - 3
including Soviet and geographically part of Europe
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Number of Asian countries are 48 but it is given only 44 countries, and my question is why it is different? - Tempa Tshering [April 24, 2011]
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The Countries here shown as West Asia. Are they really called West Asian Countries ?. Or they are Counted as Middle East Countries ?... - Royal EximINDIA [March 14, 2011]
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plistan where? - meraj [March 1, 2011]
This helps me to identify what are the Asian countries & also i m doing a travel insurance. Today I learn some thing . I didn't know there are 44countries in Asia. Basically I know Srilanka Pakistan , ect.Thanks a lot . - Dinuki W [February 24, 2011]
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australia is the part of asia or not? - leena biju [January 30, 2011]
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U.A.E stands for United Arab Emirates. I think thats how you spell it but idk. - Merete [January 17, 2011]
The capital of Israel is Jerusalem not Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv is the largest city in Israel but not the capital. I know this because I have studied this because I am Jewish and I know that the capital of Israel is Jerusalem NOT Tel Aviv. Please try to get your facts from the map not a website. - Merete [January 17, 2011]
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i got lot of details about asian countries - stephe N [January 4, 2011]
Thanks for all of these. I work as a assistant to a marketing executive on registering trademarks on all possible countries and whenever I search in Yahoo, this page comes up. It just is informative and simple. I like it. Thanks. - Godfrey [December 28, 2010]
Asians consists of people of about forty three countries . These people are of a wide variety ; Indians , Pakistanis , Iranians , Iraqi . Russians , Saudi Arabians , Israelis , Jordanians and many more . I believe here you are referring to East Asians . Personally I find a lot of East Asian very attractive . - John Webb [December 23, 2010]
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Some of the above information go against international recognition,Taiwan is not a's is a province of China. - Sophie Liang [December 5, 2010]
spactacular arrangement, because the countries are listed according to directions so simply. - Qudratullah [December 5, 2010]
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wat does U.A.E stand for ?
i am confused hea
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It is good but add speciality of main countries who changed world history. - Yogesh sharma [November 13, 2010]
where's the aisan portion of Russia? - Susan [November 1, 2010]
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I felt very happy when browse this infformation.
excuse me for spelling errors. thanq very much for for provide feed back facility.
- k.BalaGuravaiah [September 20, 2010]
Are there any valuable natural resources in Asia? - Chhabi [September 8, 2010]
asia the land of culture . - cool my name is [September 6, 2010]
evn delhi is a large city ! - not ur matter [September 2, 2010]
I had to pick a Country from the Eatern Hemisphere so I searched it up and I got you for a result. So then I looked at your countries you put and I found one! So thank you for not being complicated! - Jillian Daily [August 21, 2010]
i am indian - ayaan khan [August 21, 2010]
What about Azerbaijan and Armenia? If you count Georgia, you need to count these two also. And what about East Timor? BAD COUNT... - Jacinto [August 21, 2010]
good way of explaniation,simple language - mohit [August 12, 2010]
It's actually Central Asia, not North Asia. =)) - Kim, David [July 11, 2010]
i'm very glad b'coz i'm the one who living in the asia - stephany [July 5, 2010]
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hi, now i know that iraq belongs to asia. - alex [June 22, 2010]
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epic countries and capitals - Jefjuan Gaga [May 14, 2010]
Burma -Rangoon - Layla [May 4, 2010]
Population? - Chris S [April 22, 2010]
this websites helps lots! - raiven [February 28, 2010]
great wall is not seen in the outer space.
it is the yangtze river. they mistaken great wall for it maybe because what they see is yellow which is the yangtze or the yellow river
- Jade F. [January 18, 2010]
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cool this helps me alot - aarab [December 14, 2009]
the capital names for cybrus,turkey and russia - mary [November 18, 2009]
You left out Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan - oops - Sue [November 18, 2009]
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why is doesnt have south asia - kaye [June 18, 2009]
Afghanistan is in west asia - Laila [June 16, 2009]
thanks for the info...

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