Jacksonian democracy introduced the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are supporters of the government in power followed by a policy of rotation in public offices which permitted more people to become engaged in governmental issues. This deepened the interest and the faith of the common man on the government and the Democrats. Due to the expansion of the suffrage policies, voter turnout doubled during the elections from 1828. Jacksonian policies established the fuller meaning of people's rule. Given below are the salient features of these Jacksonian policies.
By 1832, every state except for South Carolina had a democratic vote even for presidential electors. Jacksonian placed a high regard on voter involvement by using election tactics like parades. Due to all these considerable efforts, voter magnitude increased to almost 80 percent by 1840. However, women and slaves were still denied their voting rights. The party powerfully preached and implemented for direct election of local and state officials, judges and presidential electors. In addition, reforms in the political system made it easier for the common man to vote, and the secret ballot came into existence.
By 1826, the provisions of the Maryland constitution that excluded Jews from practicing law and holding public office were also abolished, thus giving equal opportunity to all.
They structured their ideologies according to the Jeffersonian legacy and worked as a uncomplicated, economical, and non-intrusive government. They controverted against protective tariffs along with federal and state bank charters and internal melioration projects.
Jackson stated that duties, constructions, and corporate charters especially of banks, whose right of note issue gave them enormous leveraging over credit entry and the national currency were all devices to withdraw monetary funds from the low class to the high class, thus causing concentration of economic policies in the hands of chosen few.
Another prominent characteristic of the Jacksonian democracy was its confrontation with the national bank, the national bank worked on deficit spending. This scheme profited moneyed investors who could loan wealth to the national government. Hence, it was demolished by the democrats on the basis that it profited only wealthy investors and not the general public. Jackson conceived that the Constitution of the United States only gave the federal government fixed ways to control the economic system. The party also safeguarded the trade tariffs in order to assist American industries. It also went on a series of conflicts with the national bank, the Second Bank of the United States. In 1833, Jackson dictated the treasury secretary to draw back federal funding of the Second Bank in direct resistance to Congress.
Jackson invented the 'spoils system' that rewarded party loyalty by aiding its supporters with government positions, regardless of their educational qualifications, rather than handing the positions over to the elite.
The Jacksonian administration stayed aloof from all the major religious tensions of the era thus distinguishing between the church and the state.
Jacksonian democracy greatly followed the expansionist policies and enlarged the geographical territories of the United States.
They propagated the Manifest Destiny, an ideology and movement to vindicate American enlargement policies in the Western Hemisphere. Jackson supported the removal of the indigenous Native Americans to increase United States political and geographical territory.
In 1830, Jackson opposed the Congress and passed the Indian Removal Act, which enabled the government to clear the Native Americans from lands situated to the west of the Mississippi River. Specifically this act relocated thousands of Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws and others along the Trail of Tears, and American settlers began to use the former native lands.
▶ Communications received impetus with the invention of the telegraph system in 1844, and by 1850, Americans could broadcast and receive contents to each other nearly instantly. Industrialization increased along with production and increase in advanced machinery.
▶ The political scene shifted from the privileged aristocrats to the laissez-faire Democrats, but negative effects also could be seen through women voters were still denied their voting rights and were legally under the dominance of their husbands. Free African-American slaves were still considered as second‐class citizens, slavery prevailed in the Southern states.
Moreover, the era witnessed the major relocation of Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi River and the accumulation of wealth in selective hands. But alterations in the public participation in politics through expanded voting rights and political reform crusades emerged to deal with the differences in the American society.