The Undeniable Importance of Housekeeping Genes
Importance of housekeeping genes
Housekeeping genes are those that are always expressed in all cells of an organism, and are important for the maintenance of basic or 'housekeeping' functions of the cell. Buzzle provides a brief account of the same.
Understanding the Genetics of Widow's Peak Made Easy
Fact about widow's peak
The occurrence of a widow's peak in the hairline of an individual is often stated as an example for explaining simple genetic inheritance, where the allele producing this phenotype is dominant. Buzzle explores and discusses the...
Understanding the Genetics of Polydactyly in Humans Just Got Easier
Meaning of polydactyly in humans
Polydactyly is a congenital genetic disorder that causes the affected individual to exhibit additional digits on the hands and/or feet. These digits may just be a mass of tissue or a fully functional digit. Buzzle explores and...
Inherited Traits in Humans You Probably Haven't Heard Of
Fact about inherited traits in humans
There are so many inherited traits in humans that we can talk about, that you'd be really surprised. You might be baffled when you learn about some of the most interesting factors about inherited genes.
Weighing in on the Pros and Cons of Gene Patenting
Pro and con of gene patenting
Gene patenting is quite common in the medical field today, however, it is still surrounded by many controversies. Here, we will discuss what is gene patenting and what are its positive and negative aspects.
Your Guide to Understanding the Genetic Factors of a Cleft Chin
Genetic factors of a cleft chin
Cleft chin, which is also referred to as dimple chin, is an inherited trait. Buzzle provides information that will help you understand the genetic factors of a cleft chin.
Stunning Facts About Human Chromosomes That Will Blow Your Mind
Fact about human chromosome
Human chromosomes are strands of DNA carrying all the important information about a human being. Here are some interesting facts about human chromosomes.
Understanding the Mechanism of Frameshift Mutation With Examples
Mechanism of frameshift mutation
The nucleotide sequence is recognized and processed with the help of a reading frame of 3 nucleotides. The occurrence of any insertion or deletion event would lead to a disruption of this reading frame, causing it to shift, thereby...
Germline Mutation Vs. Somatic Mutation: A Comparison You Wanted
Difference between germline mutation and somatic mutation
The main difference between germline and somatic mutation lies in the fact whether they are heritable or not. But, there's more to it. This Buzzle post gives a systematic comparison of germline mutation vs. somatic mutation,...
A Helpful Guide to Understanding Somatic Mutation With Examples
Concept of somatic mutation
The two basic types of cells in an organism are germ cells and somatic cells. Germ cells are the sex cells (egg and sperm) that are responsible for reproduction and give rise to progeny. All the other cells are called somatic...
An Overview of the Ethical Concerns Related to Three-parent Babies
Fact about three-parent babies
People opt for in vitro fertilization for a variety of reasons such as infertility, miscarriages, and even the inheritance of health disorders. In such cases, various technologies help in the conception of a viable and healthy...
Dominant and Recessive Traits in Humans
Examples of dominant and recessive traits
Gene expression determines our phenotype. Some of these genes (dominant) mask the effect of others (recessive). This makes some physical characteristics more common in humans as they express invariably. This article will give you...
Different Types of RNA in Humans and their Functions
Types of RNA in humans
Both DNA and RNA are present in all living cells, but unlike DNA, RNA comes in various forms and types. Read this Buzzle post to know what is RNA and what are its main types and functions in humans.
Genetic Variation: Importance, Sources, and Examples
Example of genetic variation
Genes are the molecular unit of heredity. In an organism, the gene sequence may occur in one or more forms, and these alternate forms of the same gene are called alleles. Any type of change that is observed in the sequence of these...
Red Hair, Blue Eyes, and Other Genetic Mutations in Humans
freckles and red hair due to mc1r gene mutation
In any given species, the genetic makeup is uniform across a population. The attributes that differentiate one individual from another arise from variations in the genome. These variations are called genetic mutations. These...
Pros and Cons of Designer Babies
Designer baby definition
Designer babies are babies, whose genetic makeup has been artificially screened and chosen by scientists, via genetic engineering. This concept has raised numerous ethical issues. Let's have a look at the pros and cons of designer...
Incredibly Interesting Aspects of Human Genetics
Human genetics is the study of the influence of genes on human nature and behavior patterns. It is associated with certain personality traits as well as disorders in human beings. Let us look at some interesting aspects of human...
An In-depth Look at the 7 Major Steps of DNA Replication
The process of DNA replication comprises a set of carefully orchestrated sequence of events to duplicate the entire genetic content of a cell. The current article provides a short insight into the complex DNA replication steps.
Genetic Basis of Attached Earlobes
Earlobes that are attached are nothing but a genetic trait. Read on to know more on how a person may end up with such earlobes and what this trait means.
Famous Scientists in Genetic Research
In this article, we will take a look at some of the famous names in the field of genetic research.
Incomplete Dominance Examples
A form of inheritance, incomplete dominance is one of the most interesting concepts in genetics. However, there are times when some people find it a bit difficult to grasp the same, and this is where its examples come into the...
How Do Mutations Occur in Human Cells?
How do mutations occur in human cells? What causes them to happen? Find out the answers in the following article.
Law of Segregation
Law of segregation and independent assortment, forms the basis of genetics and inheritance in living beings The following article includes information regarding this law and its importance in genetics.
What is Incomplete Dominance
In spite of Gregor Mendel making it so easy, many people find it difficult to figure out what incomplete dominance is all about and how it differs from co-dominance.
Where Does Transcription Occur
Transcription is an important part of protein synthesis, which takes place within the cell. Read this article to gain more information about this subject.
Genetic Testing during Pregnancy
The diagnostic procedures that are conducted during pregnancy help in ascertaining the health of the fetus, as well as the mother-to-be. During this time, genetic testing might also be recommended for screening the fetus for...
What Makes up DNA?
DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is known as the building block of life. Mainly composed of protein, the DNA has a key role in life and is considered to be the storehouse for genetic traits.
Genetic Predisposition
Genetic predisposition is an interesting aspect, which is used to determine the risk of developing diseases in an individual, particularly if he/she has a medical history for a chronic health problem.
Genotype and Phenotype Difference
Genotype refers to the genetic constitution of an individual or organism, while phenotype is the observable traits of an individual such as height, weight, color, behavioral patterns, etc. Read this article to gain more information...
Polygenic Traits
Polygenic traits are different physical characteristics of individuals due to specific inheritance patterns. These are responsible for difference in phenotypic makeup of individuals. Read on.
Prenatal Genetic Testing Pros And Cons
Genetic testing forms a crucial part of prenatal tests and helps to analyze if the unborn child is healthy or not. This article has enlisted some advantages and disadvantages of getting this test done before the baby's birth.
What are Somatic Cells?
Somatic cells are any cells except germline cells that make up an individual. This article provides some related information.
History of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA is the body's container of genetically inherited instructions. These instructions manifest in a lifetime, in the form of common patterns of behavior or health problems, or psychosomatic relativity. This...
Point Mutations
A change in the single base pair of a nucleotide sequence is referred to as point mutation. The genetic disease, sickle cell anemia is an example of point mutation that occurs in the coding sequence of a gene.
DNA Transcription
DNA transcription is a step in protein synthesis or central dogma, by which DNA is transcribed into mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid), before getting converted into protein molecules.
DNA Day Celebration
The DNA day, 25th of April every year, is celebrated to commemorate the major events in the world of genetics. This article includes information about its history and celebration.
Types of Genetic Testing
Genetic testing is one of the important techniques of medical science for detecting alterations in the genes and chromosomes of an individual. It helps in diagnosing genetic disorders, predicting the risks of disease occurrence and...
Genetic Drift
Genetic drift is one of the important mechanisms of evolution that is more significant in small populations. Let's discuss in detail about its role in the process of evolution.
Who Discovered DNA
DNAs are a unique bond of molecules that determine our very beings. Read the following article to gain more information this subject.