There are two things that are required to make a soap, viz., fat and lye. The other ingredients that you may add will make it more luxurious. If you are learning to make your own soap, keep in mind that the best and the safest way is to use the uncolored and unscented soap base so that you won't have to handle lye. Lye is a dangerous chemical and, if not handled with care, may lead to serious burns and even death.
Homemade Soap without Lye
- Uncolored, unscented soap base
- Essential oils of your choice (for adding fragrance)
- Food color of your choice (for color)
- Take one bar of soap base and melt it in a double boiler. You can even melt it in a microwave oven.
- Once the base melts, add ½ ounce of essential oil of your choice and a small amount of food color to it.
- You can also add a tablespoon each of honey, oatmeal, and butter or beeswax (one teaspoon).
- Mix well and pour the melted soap in plastic molds.
- The soap will harden after several hours. Once set, wrap it up in wax paper or any other non-sticky material.
Homemade Soap with Lye
- 9 oz. of lye. Set this aside in a large measuring cup.
- 4 ½ cups of olive oil (use the very cheap kind, as it makes the best soap)
- 2 cups of coconut oil
- 2 tsp essential oils of your choice (for adding fragrance)
- Warm the oil to medium heat. Wait till the lye gets slightly cooled. The oil and lye should be at the same temperature. Touch the side of the bowls and try to judge if both the temperatures are same.
- Once they reach the same temperature (approximately 110°F), pour lye into the large bowl containing oil.
- Mix the oil and lye thoroughly. You can use a hand blender for this purpose.
- Add two teaspoons of the essential oil to this mixture and mix it well.
- Pour the mixture into plastic molds.
- It may take 24 to 28 hours for the soap to harden.
- Once set, wrap it up in wax paper or any other non-sticky material.