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Hemorrhoids is a pathological condition of swollen blood vessels in the region of the anus. It also implies the enlarged veins that are seen in the region of the anal canal. These veins can swell due to the increase in pressure exerted on them. This usually occurs due to constipation, chronic diarrhea, obesity, irregular bowel habits, anal sex, and pregnancy.

Types

There are basically two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are seen inside the rectum and are basically varicosities of the veins inside the rectum. These are not painful as this area is devoid of pain receptors. However, these may bleed when they rupture or when they are irritated. These can further become strangulated or prolapsed. The other type is the most serious of the two, known as external hemorrhoids or piles. These are varicosities that are present in the region of the veins that drain the inferior rectal arteries and are often painful.

Symptoms
  • There are barely any painful symptoms of internal hemorrhoids in women as this condition is mostly asymptomatic. However, in some cases, they may lead to symptoms like red blood in stool. Although this is not accompanied by pain, it may lead to a certain amount of cause for concern, especially when a person sees the toilet paper completely drenched in blood.
  • Hemorrhoids itching is particularly infamous and can lead to a great amount of discomfort in some women.
  • If the internal hemorrhoids in women become thrombosed or necrosed, then they may become quite painful. This happens when the hemorrhoid gets thrombosed and the blood supply to the area begins to cut off, which is seen in strangulated hemorrhoid. This needs prompt medical attention because it may become gangrenous if not tended to on a priority basis. Also, when the size of the hemorrhoid enlarges, then it may impinge on the anal muscles, making it painful to pass stools. If it becomes swollen to a large extent, then along with bleeding, severe amount of pain will also be experienced.
  • In case of external hemorrhoids, one of the main symptoms is the appearance of a painful swelling or a lump around the anus. This is known as external piles. These are by far the most serious and painful type of hemorrhoids, and they have a long drawn treatment plan. This area is very painful because it is innervated by somatic nerves, and it requires medical attention at the earliest.
Prevention

Following are some preventive measures that may help minimize the risk of this condition:
  • Drink 6-8 glasses of water daily.
  • Consume high-fiber foods such as whole grains, fresh fruits, bran, broccoli, etc.
  • Perform daily exercises for at least 20 minutes.
  • Do not delay your response to the urge a bowel movement.
There are also many natural remedies that one can try out. However, if the symptoms become very severe or intolerable, then it is better to seek medical attention so that the condition can be treated properly before any complications arise.

Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.