✦ Lyrical poetry and tragedy and comedy in drama arose in the Classical era. Lyrical poets like Sappho and Pindar, and philosophers like Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates contributed to this period of Greek literature.
✦ During the Hellenistic period, the Old Testament was translated into Greek.
✦ The New Testament and the Gospels were written during the Roman Age. This period also saw works in astronomy, geography, and medicine.
✦ Literature about the Byzantine empire was that written during the Byzantine period or the middle ages. It included chronicles and encyclopedias.
✦ The Cretan Renaissance poem Erotokritos is a major work of Modern Greek literature.
✦ Literature of the pre-independence era had an Italian influence and was characterized by romanticism and nationalism. Post independence, Athens gained importance. Kostis Palamas came to be considered as the national poet of Greece.
✦ In the Classical era, Greek was spoken in the Mediterranean region and beyond. It then became the official language of the Byzantine empire and later developed into Medieval Greek.
✦ Ancient Greeks developed crop rotation and irrigation systems to compensate for the infertility of land.
✦ Women led a somewhat restricted life in the ancient times. Their job was to look after their family and children.
✦ Slavery prevailed in the ancient Greek civilization.
✦ The ties in Greek families are strong and supporting others in the family is considered as an individual's responsibility. Many small businesses are run by families.
✦ Since the 1980s, the concept of civil marriage has been established. Divorce has been made easy and dowry system has been abolished.
✦ Greece can be considered as a religious country as the Orthodox Church holds a place of great importance in Greek culture. It has an influence on the religious beliefs of people, as also the education system and political affairs of the country.
✦ Greeks believed in the idea of afterlife and held a notion that the spirits of the dead went to the underworld. They thought it was important to perform the death rituals to keep the spirits of the dead from haunting the upper world.
✦ They believed in reincarnation. Even philosophers like Plato held on to the belief. But philosopher Epicurus discarded this idea and did not believe in existence after death.
✦ Greek mythology consists of many Gods and their interactions with humans on earth. It has been written down in the form of plays and epic poetry.
✦ Greek worship included animal sacrifice to Gods. This was mostly practiced on important occasions or in times of danger.
✦ Easter is an important festival in Greece. The traditional meal consists of lamb liver and wild greens with egg and lemon sauce. Magiritsa or Easter soup, an Easter cake, and red eggs are served. The Greek island Corfu is famous for its Easter celebrations.
✦ The New Year's Day, which is also St. Basil's Day is celebrated in Greece. On this day, Greeks bake a cake called Vasilopita which has a coin hidden inside. It is believed to bring good luck.
✦ The Rockwave Festival is a famous music festival held in Greece. The Olympus Festival celebrates Greek music and theater. The Plisskën Festival is another music festival. It is organized in Athens.
✦ Art Athina is an international contemporary art fair held annually in Athens. The Athens - Epidaurus Festival held annually in Athens and Epidaurus from May to October celebrates Greek music and theater and has cultural events.
✦ The Mykonos Biennale held every odd year on the island of Mykonos is dedicated to art and philosophy.
✦ Beginning in 2006 in Ikaria, the Icarus Festival for Dialogue between Cultures is an international music festival that hosts multicultural events in music.
✦ Many Greeks are named after religious saints. A name day is celebrated in honor of the saint one is named after. It is celebrated in a way similar to a birthday, where near ones give wishes and gifts.
✦ Amphidromia was a rite of passage in Ancient Greece. It is a celebration held on the fifth or seventh day after the birth of a child.
✦ Engagement before the wedding is a Greek custom. During the engagement, rings are exchanged.
✦ A few days before the wedding, Krevati is organized where money and young children are put on the couple's new bed. This symbolizes prosperity and fertility for the couple.
✦ The wedding ceremony is held in the Church, where the groom and the bride drink red wine from the same glass. As they leave the church, the guests throw rice and flowers. After this, a wedding party is hosted in which the groom dances the zeibekiko and the bride dances ciftetelli.
✦ At traditional Greek weddings, traditional music is played and local food is served. Another Greek wedding tradition is to pin money to the bride's dress.
✦ The death rituals are based on the Greek Orthodox beliefs, which do not allow cremation or organ donation as they mean destruction of the body.
✦ The priest offers a prayer service to the dead. It is known as Trisagion.
✦ Traditionally, a wake is held after the funeral. Apart from funerals, memorial services are also held.
✦ According to the Church, the mourning period is of 40 days during which immediate family members of the deceased wear black clothes and do not take part in social gatherings or celebrations.
✦ If one compliments someone, he is supposed to spit three times. Similarly, if someone talks about something bad or unfortunate, the others spit thrice. This action of mild spitting is believed to help one avoid misfortune.
✦ Two people saying the same thing simultaneously is believed to lead to a fight between them. This is why, if two people happen to say the same thing together, they say piase kokkino meaning touch red.
✦ Spotting a black cat or the breaking of glass or a mirror is believed to bring bad luck.
✦ Tuesday the 13th is considered unlucky in Greece.
✦ A part of Greek folk stories, Kallikantzaroi are imagined to be little black ugly-looking humanoids with tails. They are believed to stay beneath the ground sawing the 'world tree'. It is believed that this would eventually cause the Earth to collapse. According to Greek folklore, these creatures come to the upper world during the period after Christmas.