- Bird - Snowy Owl
- Tree - Yellow Birch
- Flower - Blue Flag Iris
- Motto - Je me souviens
Today, French-Canadians have evolved for four centuries and have a very strong sense of pride in their culture, people, and heritage. In the year 2008, Quebec city celebrated its 400th birthday. The city is blessed with such unique cultures that it has something for everyone from history to a wide selection of theaters and museums.
- French - 6,235,935
- English - 1,190,435
- Italian - 103,425
- Spanish - 82,735 and
- Arabic - 78,000
Here are some general etiquette that French-Canadians observe:
- French-Canadians are very polite and formal, they greet each other with a firm handshake, and maintain proper eye contact. Only family and close friends have the discretion to call them by their first name.
- Learning simple or commonly spoken words/phrases in French will help you make friendly contact with the locals.
- In Quebec, after the initial introduction, a double-sided business card that is translated both in French and English are exchanged, with the French side facing the recipient. Glance through the card before putting it in your wallet.
- The business cards would usually have the Academic titles and degrees mentioned -- always use them properly when dealing with French-Canadians.
- The thumbs up sign means "okay", whereas the sign made with the index finger and thumb means "zero". The thumbs down sign is to be avoided, as this gesture is considered to be offensive.
- When invited to a French-Canadian home, show your appreciation by sending the hostess flowers, a chocolate basket or wine, well in advance.
- It is regarded unlucky to present 13 flowers. Avoid giving chrysanthemums and white lilies as they are used during funerals. Gifts in the form of cash should also be avoided.
Quebec City is known for attracting people and professionals alike from around the world for its series of popular events, festivals, and performances hosted every year. Audiences are mesmerized with live performances from Rock, Hip-hop, Jazz, Heavy Metal, Opera, and Broadway shows to Romantic Classics that showcase international artists as well as emerging stars of the talented world. The video effects and lighting used during these festivals are astonishing.
Some of the well-known festivals are the International Jazz Festival, the Festival international de Lanaudiere, the Festival d'été de Québec, the Gatineau Hot Air Balloon Festival and the most popular Winter Carnival which has skiing, zip-line, ice sculptures, sleigh rides, skating, and an ice castle. These festivals not only attract people from all around the globe, but also attract a large number of media.
- Roman Catholics - 5,939,700
- Protestants - 3,35,590
- Muslims - 1,08,620
- Eastern Orthodox - 1,00,375
- Jews - 89,915
- Buddhists - 41,380
- Hindus - 24,525
- Sikhs - 8,225
In the early 16th and 17th century, women were dressed in a mantua, and an elegant headdress known as a 'fontange', whereas men wore breeches and waist-length jackets, while voyageurs wore high-crowned felt hats decorated with ostrich feathers.
To combat the cold winters, the traditional arrow sash or colored wool sash was tied around the waist by men; tuque, blanket coats, fur clothing, bonnet, cape, muffs were and are still being used. Their dressing style includes a wide range of leather goods and accessories. They are well-known for their innovative use of techniques, textures, and colors.
For formal business meetings, men wear suits and ties, whereas women opt for conservative suits or formal dresses.
Famous French-Canadian Artists
- Ginette Reno - Un peu plus haut
- Jean-Pierre Ferland - Le chat du cafe des
- Beau Dommage - Tous les palmiers
- Associated with Fabienne Thibeault, Marie Carmen and Céline Dion - Le monde est stone, Starmania
- C.R.A.Z.Y. directed by Jean-Marc Vallée
- Mon oncle Antoine directed by Claude Jutra
- Incendies directed by Denis Villeneuve
- Bonheur d'occasion directed by Claude Fournier
- Cruising Bar directed by Robert Ménard
- Good Riddance directed by Francis Mankiewicz
- Léolo directed by Jean-Claude Lauzon
- Les Invasions Barbares directed by Denys Arcand
- Bon Cop, Bad Cop directed by Éric Canuel
- The Decline of the American Empire directed by Denys Arcand
The Parliament holds the legislative powers, whereas the Government holds the executive power. The Parliament controls and monitors all Government actions.
- Quebec city is the heart of French Canada, a cultural capital of the province, and the family is an important social institution for French-Canadians.
- There are innumerable historic sites like the Citadel of Quebec, many brass monuments and around 400 museums scattered around the city that immerse us into the past French-Canadian heritage. It acts as a great reminder of how life was in the past.
- The Chateau Frontenac hotel is not only an iconic symbol of Quebec City, but also a Guinness World Record holder for being the most photographed hotel in the world.
- The Chocolate Museum in Quebec is a must-see for all you chocoholics out there. Not only does it showcase artistic creations made from chocolate, but also illustrates its history from Mayan civilization time to the present day.
- A large majority of people in Quebec and Montreal are particularly fond of horse meat and consider it as a delicacy.
- Inukshuk is a form of rock art used by Inuit (Eskimo) to mark a location for hunting, and these structures are found all over Arctic Canada, Alaska, and Greenland.
- There are many animals (native) found abundantly in Quebec -- ranging from Arctic fox, Atlantic puffin, Wolf, Walrus, Striped skunk, Snowy owl, Tundra swan, Northern cardinal, raccoon, moose, Bald eagle to Polar bear, Greenland shark and White-tailed deer.
- The moose is found across almost all of Canada and is the largest among the deer family. The male moose has enormous flattened antlers and is a very powerful swimmer.