Here is an account of 10 most famous French people who made a mark both in their own country as well as the world.
Died: 2 July 1778
He was a philosopher as well as a composer during the movement in Europe known as the Enlightenment. Rousseau's political ideas were highly influential on the French Revolution, the formation of socialist and liberal theory, and the development of nationalism.
Died: 5 May 1821
Profession: Emperor of France
Napoleon Bonaparte was a French general and then later became the Emperor of France due to the consequences of the French Revolution. He introduced several measures which are still the basis of many French institutions that exist today such as a law that decreed setting up lyces, or state grammar schools, with the aim of providing well-trained civilians and army officers.
Died: 18 August 1850
Profession: Novelist and Playwright
He was a novelist as well as a playwright. His best piece of writing consisted of a sequence of about 100 plays and novels, which were entitled collectively as La Comédie Humaine, which is a representation of a panoramic view of French life during the years as well as after the fall of Napoleon.
Died: 5 December 1926
Claude Monet was one of the pioneers of the impressionist painting style in France. Plus, he was the most prolific and consistent practitioner of the philosophy of this movement, which basically is about depicting nature according to one's impression of it, particularly when depicting plein-air landscape painting.
Died: 25 March 1918
Profession: Music Composer
He was a famous French composer. The musical style that was developed by Debussy, which included exploring new harmonic relationships as well as dissonances, was often called Impressionist music. His compositions made use of the entire tonal scale, instead of being limited to the traditional scale used in Western music.
Died: December 27, 1923
He was an engineer famous for designing and constructing the Eiffel Tower in 1889. At the time it was constructed, it was the world's tallest structure. In recognition of this achievement, Gustave Eiffel was awarded the Legion of Honor medal.
Died: 30 May 1431
Profession: Historic Heroine, Roman Catholic Saint
The history of France would have probably been different, had it not been for Joan of Arc's contribution to its victory in the Hundred Years' War. Also known as The Maid of Orleans, she was born in a peasant family.
Died: 19 August 1662
Profession: Scientist, Writer, Philosopher
Did you know Pascal invented the first mechanical calculator? A child prodigy, Blaise Pascal is most significantly known for his contributions to mathematics and physics. He helped complete the groundwork for such branches of mathematics like probability, projective geometry to be established. He also worked on understanding the basics of fluids, pressure and vacuum as concepts of physics.
Died: March 24, 1905
Profession: Sci-Fi Writer
One of the earliest authors to delve into the world of science fiction, Jules Verne paved the way for an entire genre of writing. His most famous, appreciated and adapted works include 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, A Journey to the Center of the Earth and Around the World in Eighty Days.
Died: September 28, 1895
Profession: Microbiologist and Chemist
There won't be a microbiologist who hasn't heard of Louis Pasteur, the man who gave mankind the gift of vaccines. Historically known for making the first vaccine ever (for anthrax and rabies), Pasteur was one of the earliest scientist to support the germ theory of diseases; until then people believed that disease were incurred by the wrath of God!