― Will Harvey
It is conducted in a systematic and an organized way. Every field has its own ways, means, and tools to conduct it. These tools are developed from time to time according to the need of the research and subject to be studied. But the tool that is applicable to one subject may not be appropriate for another; that is, it will have its pros and cons while dealing with the particular subject.
― National Science Foundation
|Basic Research||Applied Research|
|Basic research is the result of curiosity that leads to increase in knowledge and does not focus towards solving a specific problem.||Applied research works towards finding a proper and feasible solution to the problem. This research helps find out new solutions as well as works on the present ones by modifying them for a better performance, although it is not always generated by a negative situation.|
|It tries to explore the unknown while in pursuit of searching for information.||Its focus lies in answering specific questions.|
|It aims at the expansion of knowledge. It is driven by curiosity, seeking knowledge systematically and methodically without its application in mind.||Its goal is to improve human conditions. It searches for knowledge with a specific application in mind.|
|It lays the foundation for applied research. It is, thus, indirect in its approach.||It targets the end result; hence, it has a direct approach. It resolves the problem with the help of information provided by basic research.|
|It plans the strategy.||It checks the effectiveness of the strategy.|
◆ Applied research is oriented towards rectifying the issue that might be dealing with a loss in the production and sales, and would come up with practical solutions to overcome the situation.
◆ In this case, it is directed towards improving the performance of a student by providing various means, and allowing him/her to choose or select what is most appropriate towards his/her progress.
◆ This will deal with conditioning of a situation for the fixation of desirable behavior by eliminating/replacing undesirable behavior.
◆ Working towards increasing productivity, by understanding the quality of raw material, technology available, and investment required, a solution is provided, which will be immediately applicable.
◆It will deal with improvement of attitude of workers towards their goal by providing certain incentives or rewards.
◆It will try to find the drug to treat the patient.