✦ In many parts of Colombia, fiber-tempered ceramics were produced. Sand-tempered coiled ceramics were made in some parts like Puerto Hormiga. In the mountainous region on the Colombia-Ecuador border, pottery had patterns inspired by animal or snake skin. Vessels were used in burials to keep the belongings of the deceased.
✦ Tumaco people of the Pacific coast did gold work. Poporo Quimbaya is one of the most precious pieces of gold work that belongs to the Pre-Columbian period.
✦ The period between the 16th and 18th centuries saw works of ecclesiastic art that bore Spanish influences.
✦ The paintings in Colombia were distributed across the colonial, Baroque, and Republican periods.
✦ Renaissance and medieval styles were the subjects of paintings done in the early colonial period. A painting of Virgin Mary by Alonso de Narváez from Seville is one of the famous works of this period. Sopo Archangels is a collection of oil paintings that belong to this period.
✦ Mexican murals influenced the 20th century Colombian art. This period witnessed world-famous artists like Omar Rayo.
✦ Literature of the post-independence period was based on political thoughts and movements.
✦ During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, peasant life came to be depicted in the Colombian literature.
✦ The industrialization in Latin America during the 20th century led to the poetic movement called Piedra y cielo. The violence during the 1940s and '50s led to the Nadaísta (Nothing-ist) movement.
✦ Mystery became a subject to write on, in the modern times. Children's literature that includes nursery rhymes and folk tales forms an important part of the literature of Colombia. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, one of the most significant authors of the 20th century and a Nobel Prize winner, is a Colombian.
✦ Colombian folk stories include tales of legendary figures that have been passed down through generations. They have African, Native American, and Spanish influences.
✦ Champeta, Abozao, Juga, Pilon, Porro, Seis, Socca, and Tambora are some of the other music genres in different parts of Colombia.
✦ The Colombian music of the present times includes hip hop, pop, and rock music. Shakira, a prominent name in the music industry, is from Colombia.
✦ Guitar, shakers, and drums are among the musical instruments of Colombia. Typical to their music is the Colombian tiple which belongs to the guitar family and is almost three-fourth its size.
✦ During the colonial period, the health as well as the education facilities came under the Catholic Church. The culture of Colombia has accepted freedom of religion and it is apparent in its diversified population.
✦ Colombian coffee is famous the world over, for its quality.
✦ Fritanga that includes grilled beef and chicken, ribs, and sausage with potatoes, is a favorite dish of the Colombians. Tubers and meat make their staple food.
✦ Ajiaco is a traditional meat dish in the Andes region of Colombia. It was born in Bogota.
✦ Tamales are popular in the Tolima region. Rondon, a seafood is popular in the island regions. Coconut rice is popular in the coastal regions. Dishes in the Amazon are influenced by the cooking styles of Brazil and Peru.
✦ Manjar Blanco, a creamy dessert, Arroz con Coco (coconut rice pudding), and Natilla, a custard-like pudding made from cornstarch are among the Colombian desserts.
✦ Colombians generally have hot chocolate with cheese. It is added to hot chocolate and allowed to melt, after which one can have it with a spoon. It tastes good that way.
✦ The carnivals held on various occasions form an important part of the Colombian culture.
✦ Then comes the Manizales Festival, which is organized in January and bears European and Spanish influences. It includes events such as bull runs as also a beauty pageant in which the International Queen of Coffee is announced.
✦ The Festival of Flowers is an important cultural event hosted in Medellin. Rock al Parque is a rock music festival hosted in Bogota. The traditionally celebrated Blacks and Whites' Carnival held in January is the largest cultural event in Southern Colombia.
✦ The sombrero vueltiao is a traditional hat worn by Colombians which is also a national symbol of this country.
✦ Over fifty different indigenous ethnic groups live in Colombia. They speak languages of the Chibchan and Caribbean families. About 500,000 people speak indigenous languages. More than 80 languages are spoken across the country.
✦ With passing years, the population of Colombia has increased and also progressed in terms of education and overall development. Basic education is compulsory by law.
✦ Family is an important institution and people have a great sense of responsibility towards the members of their immediate and extended family. Children generally stay with their parents.
✦ According to a survey, the people of Colombia are among the happiest in the world.