How Cholesterol Levels are Determined
Cholesterol levels are determined by means of a blood test where you are asked to fast for a few hours before the blood test. The results are depicted by means of mg/dL or milligrams per deciliter. A lot of factors can cause high cholesterol. For instance, the consumption of food rich in fats, an inactive lifestyle, family history of high cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels, your age, and your habits such as smoking, all determine how you are going to be affected. After going through the chart mentioned below, it is essential that you only consult your doctor and understand the risks you may be susceptible to. Do not take any measures without speaking to your doctor.
Total Cholesterol Levels
Total cholesterol consists of HDL (High-density Lipoprotein), LDL (Low-density Lipoprotein) and VLDL (Very Low-density Lipoprotein).
|Less Than 200||Normal||Low risk of coronary heart disease|
|200-239||Borderline High||Possibility of development of heart disease|
|240 and Above||High||Double the risk of coronary heart disease than those in the normal range|
LDL Cholesterol Levels
LDL cholesterol is what is known as the bad cholesterol in the body. It is what gets lodged in the artery walls, and at higher levels increase the chances of heart disease. LDL forms from VLDL in the body.
|Less Than 100||Excellent|
|190 and Above||Very High|
Decreasing LDL is possible by adopting healthy eating habits and adhering to a regular exercise routine. Of course, appropriate medication along with these changes will help significantly reduce LDL levels.
HDL Cholesterol Levels
HDL cholesterol is what is known as the good or the healthy cholesterol. It reduces the formation of LDL and prevents it from affecting the arteries and the heart. The HDL cholesterol levels for men are slightly different from those for women. These classifications have been provided here.
|Cholesterol Range||Risk Level||Remarks|
|60 and Above||Good||Protective against coronary heart disease|
|Less than 50 (for women)||High Risk||Possibility of development of heart disease|
|Less than 40||High Risk||Possibility of development of heart disease|
You can raise HDL simply by making an effort to reduce your LDL cholesterol levels. Adopting a healthy diet is one of the most important steps that you need to take to raise HDL.
Triglycerides are formed in the body by excess sugar and alcohol. These are stored in fat cells all over the body. The aforementioned factors that are responsible for high cholesterol also contribute to the formation of excess triglycerides. If these are high, chances of heart disease increase dramatically.
|Less Than 150||Normal|
If you have found yourself to be at a higher risk due to the figures your test reports represent, then it is essential that you adhere to a low cholesterol diet to reduce such a risk. Furthermore, getting a good amount of exercise is imperative. Even if it is a daily walk for about 30-45 minutes, combined with your diet, it can go a long way in reducing the risk of such conditions. Finally, as mentioned earlier, in spite of the cholesterol level chart presented here along with some methods to reduce high levels of cholesterol, do not resort to any diet or methods to do so, natural or otherwise, without consulting your doctor. Everybody is different, and what is suitable for one person may not be suitable for the other.
Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only and does not, in any way, intend to replace the diagnosis and treatment of a medical expert.