Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism are considered to be the three pillars of Chinese society and there is constant debate over which of these philosophies managed to influence the Chinese society the most.
There are exceptions though, families in the rural areas are allowed to have more than one child, especially if their first born is not a boy.
According to Ethnologue, China has 292 living languages and 1 extinct language. The official language in mainland China is Mandarin (also known as Standard Chinese or Potunghua).
All family members eat dinner together and the meal is more luxurious than usual. Burning fireworks was once the most typical custom of the Spring Festival and the spluttering sound was thought to drive away evil spirits.
Main food: A starch or carbohydrate source, typically noodles, rice (predominant in southern parts), or buns (predominant in northern parts), and
Accompanying dishes: Fish, meat, vegetables, or other items.
Due to diversity in climate, ethnicity, and sub-cultures, there are eight main families of dishes, namely, Hui (Anhui), Yue (Cantonese), Min (Fujian), Xiang (Hunan), Yang (Jiangsu), Lu (Shandong), Chuan (Szechuan), Zhe (Zhejiang). Today, there are mainly four main styles of food in China, namely, the Beijing Style, the Shanghai Style, the Sichuan/Szechuan Style, and the Cantonese Style. The Cantonese style is the most popular style found in overseas restaurants.
The Chinese tea culture is also highly evolved and revolves around serving tea at special occasions. Serving tea is considered to be a ritualistic practice on a number of special occasions and is taken as a sign of honoring your guests.
Chinese believe good things happen in pairs, hence avoid odd number of gifts or presents, especially during birthdays and weddings.
No gifts in black and white, both depicting sorrow and poverty.
The Chinese don't sweep or remove trash in the direction of the front door, especially during Chinese New Year, the reason being the belief that good fortune is swept away out of the front door.
Shopkeepers don't read books at work because the word book in Chinese, 'shu', means loss.
Never offer a Chinese friend an umbrella, in Chinese it signifies parting ways or a split.
Young children are not offered chicken feet as food, for fear of being prone to fight like roosters.
Don't touch. Unlike Westerners, the Chinese do not prefer being touched by strangers.