ChemistryChemistry is the branch of science pertaining to the study of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter, especially those of atomic and molecular systems. Among the different areas of chemistry are biochemistry, electrochemistry, organic chemistry, and nuclear chemistry. This section provides several informative articles for students and teachers focusing on high school chemistry.
Chemical Reactions in Everyday Life
Some of the observable examples of chemical reactions in everyday life are respiration (aerobic and anaerobic), photosynthesis, rusting and burning. Read on to find out...
How to Make Limewater
Limewater is a solution of calcium hydroxide is water. This article tells you how to make it and also gives you some applications of the same.
Chemistry in Everyday Life
Chemistry, though a mystery to many, is heavily involved in every aspect of our daily life. Our very existence depends upon it. By reading the examples below you will realize how vital chemistry is in everyday life. Take a look!
Types of Chemical Reactions
A chemical reaction is any irreversible change in the initial composition of a substance to form an altogether different chemical product. The process of formation of these products by the reactants is an amazing and fascinating...
How to Calculate Molarity
If you like experimenting with chemicals in the lab, or aspire to be a chemist, then you need to be familiar with a few terms like solution, solvent, compound. etc. Here, we shall try to understand one such term called molarity,...
Understanding Acid-Base Reactions
Acid-base reactions are often the first reactions covered in organic chemistry classes. As such, they can be intimidating - but if you can remember what to look for, predicting the product becomes much easier, and you’ll understand...
Examples of Compounds
What are chemical compounds? What are they made up of? What are some examples of compounds? Scroll down for answers to these questions...
Ribose Vs. Deoxyribose
If you're keen to know what are the differences between ribose and deoxyribose, and how these compounds are similar, then you have landed on the right page. Have a look!
Ionic Compounds Vs. Molecular Compounds
In this article, we will study what ionic compounds and molecular compounds are. We will do a comparative study of these two types of compounds, and also learn about the differences between them.
What is polystyrene? What are its properties, and what is it used for? Let's find out!
Formaldehyde is a chemical that is used in manufacturing many industrial products. Also, there are many uses of formaldehyde in our day-to-day life. Here we shall learn about them...
How to Calculate Theoretical Yield
In this article, we will learn how to calculate the theoretical yield of a reaction in a simple, step-by-step manner. The calculation using the theoretical yield formula is simple, provided it is done in a methodical manner.
Chemical Change Examples
There are innumerable chemical changes that occur around us all the time but we never notice them. Take a look at some chemical change examples that are often observed in our surroundings.
Physical Change Examples
What is a physical change? How is it different from a chemical one? What are the most prominent examples of physical changes? Let's find out.
Solvent extraction is one of the most common and important methods for separation and purification of many elements. Find details about the methods and significance of this type of extraction.
Isomers are defined as one of several organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formula. They are a description of the molecular composition of any compound. Here we shall look at the types of...
Uses of Polystyrene
Utilization of polystyrene is not restricted to a particular area. This polymer has proved its usefulness in different sectors of the market. Here is a write-up mentioning all the possible uses of this versatile plastic in various...
Laughing Gas Side Effects
Nitrous oxide is popularly known as laughing gas or happy gas. Read on for more information about the side effects of laughing gas, which is used for medicinal purposes.
Synthetic elements are man-made elements. They do not occur in nature. To find out more about these elements, read on...
Homogeneous Mixture Examples
The most common homogeneous mixture examples we come across in our day-to-day life are sugar and cement. Read on to know about the concept of homogeneity in solutions and a few more examples.
Polarity of Water
What is polarity of water? How is it important? Read to find all the answers...
If you are clueless about what is molarity formula or what does molarity mean, you have landed on the right page. Reading this article will clear out all your doubts about what this formula is and how it's used in chemistry...
Polypropylene Properties and Uses
Polypropylene is easily one of those materials which have high demand in all spheres of life. We discuss here the properties and various uses of polypropylene.
Properties of Silicon Dioxide
Silicon dioxide or silica, as it is commonly known as, is an important constituent of sand. However, it is found in several other forms too. In this article, we shall look into the physical and chemical properties of silicon dioxide...
A molecular compound is composed of two or more nonmetals. Water is one of the most commonly found molecular compounds, followed by carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and methane. Read on to know more...
How Helium Balloons Work
With NASA resorting to unmanned helium balloons for scientific studies as a part of its Scientific Ballooning Program, it has become obvious that the use of these gas balloons is no more restricted to amusement parks. In order to...
Propylene Glycol Dangers
Propylene glycol is a common component in various pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, food products and also has a variety of industrial applications. The possible side effects of this useful chemical have been given in this...
John Dalton's Atomic Theory
John Dalton, the father of modern atomic theory, developed the atomic theory in the early nineteenth century. According to him, all elements are made of atoms and the purity of an element is attributed to the presence of similar...
Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Chemistry
One of the two most vast branches of chemical science are organic and inorganic chemistry. In this article, I present the distinction between organic and inorganic chemistry for those of you who are planning to take up higher...
Advantages of Chemical Energy
Chemical energy is the most ubiquitous form of energy available on Earth. This article is aimed at presenting the advantages of chemical energy which make it the most used power source all over the world.
Extraction of Trimyristin from Nutmeg
Weighed down by the sudden spurt in practical sessions at college? Well, here's a bit of help in the form of an easy-to-understand tutorial on extraction of trimyristin from nutmeg. Read ahead and get set to ace chemistry...
Facts about Chemical Energy
In this article, we have shared with you various interesting facts about chemical energy. Read on to know more...
Silicon Dioxide Uses
There are a lot of silicon dioxide uses that we may not be aware of. Right from everyday applications, to heavy duty industrial ones, this silicon form has many uses, some of which have been touched upon in this article.
How is Polarity of a Molecule Determined
If you are curious about how is polarity of a molecule determined, this article will be an insightful read. Here I provide you with guidelines on how to systematically go about determining whether a molecule is polar or non-polar.
We can get many common examples of acid base reactions in our daily life. NaCl or table salt is one of them. Find out more about acid base reactions and their examples. Keep reading.
Up for a short chemistry tutorial on back titration? Go through this article to know its exact definition, its entailing examples and some more relative information under this topic.
What is a Weak Acid
What are weak acids? What are some prime examples? If you seek an answer to these questions, this article will be an insightful read.
What does something like an oxidizing agent state in the world of science and chemistry? Has it got anything to do with oxygenation reagents and processes alike? Let's find out the definition, its examples and its reacting...
What are Weak Bases?
Bases are chemical substances that either donate an electron pair or accept a hydrogen ion in a chemical reaction. Weak bases are not able to do so completely. The concept of weak bases has been further discussed in this article.
Common Chemical Reactions
Understanding some of the most common chemical reactions is essential to gain mastery of the deeper concepts in chemistry.
What is Copper Sulfate
An important chemical compound which finds applications in a variety of fields, copper sulfate is synthesized by the method of electrolysis. Listed below are the properties and uses of this compound...
Specific Heat Capacity Table
If you are searching for a reference table listing specific heat capacity of metals and compounds, this article will be a useful reference.
This article shares some insights on gravimetric analysis which is essentially the measurement method based on weighing a sample. To know more about it, read on...
We have had quite a lot of theoretical and practical knowledge in the past regarding titration, redox titration, oxidizing agents and so on, in our chemistry lessons. Continuing on the same context let's see what this article has...
What is Stoichiometry?
A good command on stoichiometry can help students deal with variety of mathematical problems in chemistry. Here is more information about the same...
Exothermic Reaction Examples
Examples of exothermic reaction are found in several daily activities. Read on to find what is an exothermic reaction and also examples for the same.
What is Titration?
Titration is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis, used to determine the unknown concentration of the titrand. This article explains this concept and the information related to it.
This is a term we all come across while making solutions in the lab. Read more about it and its various aspects in this article.
What is a Combustion Reaction?
One of the most fundamental reactions in nature is combustion. Here is an introduction to this chemical reaction, in a nutshell.
What is Avogadro's number? What purpose does it serve? Read to find all the answers. . .
Molar Heat Capacity
What is molar heat capacity? What is its associated formula? How is it calculated? Read to find all the answers.
Endothermic Reaction Examples
If you are looking for endothermic reaction examples in everyday life, this article is just what you are looking for. Here I explain what are endothermic reactions and present examples of the same.
Combustion Reaction Examples
Get some simple combustion reaction examples from this article, and help yourself understand the concept better.
What is an Exothermic Reaction?
What is meant by an exothermic reaction? What are some of its examples in everyday life? Read to find all the answers. . .
Covalent Bond Examples
If you are looking for some covalent bond examples, this article has just what you are looking for. Here I explain what is meant by a covalent bond and illustrate it with actual examples.
How to Calculate Bond Order
Bond order, in simple words, is the number of bonds formed between the two atoms. This article covers the basic concept, application and its calculation.
In chemistry, spontaneous reaction or spontaneous process is a process which continues on its own without the requirement of any outside force to support it. Read on...
What is molality of a solute? What is its associated formula? If you are looking for an answer to these questions, this article has the answers. Read to know all about it.
Coordination number also known as ligancy, is the total number of points of attachment to the central atom. The study of coordination numbers finds its use in coordination chemistry.
What is mole fraction? How is it calculated? If you are looking for an answer to these questions, this article is a must read.
What is molar concentration? How to calculate it? Read on, to find all the answers. . .
This is a property of chemical species, that measures the strength with which the chemical species absorb light at a particular wavelength. Read more to know about it and its use in chemistry and other related fields.
Covalent and Ionic Bonds
Chemical compounds are formed by the formation of bonds. Covalent bonds and ionic bonds are examples of this chemical bond, which are like one of the foundation pillars of chemistry. If you want to know more about these, you are in...
Binary Molecular Compounds
Binary molecular compounds are formed by a combination of two non-metallic compounds. The following article will cover information related to the rules for naming binary molecular compounds.
Calculating Formal Charge
If you are looking for guidelines on calculating formal charge of an atom in a molecule, this article has what you are looking for. Here you will find a clear explanation and illustration of the same.
What is formal charge exactly? What is its significance? What is its formula? Read, to find out all about it. . .
Calculating Theoretical Yield
What is theoretical yield? Go through this article to learn how to calculate it.
Nitric Acid Uses
In the following write-up, we will evaluate some of the most prominent uses of nitric acid to highlight its importance in various industries. Continue reading....
John Dalton's Atomic Model
If you are curious about what was John Dalton's atomic model, this article will be an interesting read. In this article, I present a summary of the same.
Examples of Chemical Changes in Everyday Life
The examples of chemical changes taking place around shall make you clear what they are actually. Read and find out.
What is Organic Chemistry
To solve your queries about organic chemistry basics, read this article.
Chemical Properties of Matter
What are the physical and chemical properties of matter? Need some explanation on the chemical properties of matter along with relevant examples? To delve more on these chemistry topics, read on.
Theoretical yield is a concept in Chemistry, which calculates the number of products formed during a chemical reaction. In simple terms, it is the number of products obtained with the given number of reactants.
Weak Acids and Bases
What are weak acids and bases? How are they classified? Read to find out...
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Kinetic molecular theory has been used to describe the properties of gases, and how particles interact with each other. Here is some information about the same.
Physical Properties of Matter
As everyone knows, matter is 'anything that has mass and occupies space'. Now, let's learn more about the physical properties of matter, its existence in various phases, and different matter activities.
Properties of Acids
Stuck with a chemistry project? Find out all about the distinctive properties of acids and how they react in relation to other compounds in this article...
Nitrous Oxide Side Effects
Are you searching for nitrous oxide side effects? You have landed on the right page then. Here we give you information on how nitrous oxide affects human health.
What are Polymers
The genetic information carrier of our body which is DNA, is a polymer. But what are polymers? Polymers are a long chain of small units of two or more monomers. Find out more about polymers, their synthesis, characteristics and uses.
Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
What are endothermic and exothermic reactions? This article gives you information about these reactions and illustrations to demonstrate how we encounter them in our day-to-day life...
Polymerization is of two types, condensation polymerization and addition polymerization. In this article, we are going to discuss condensation type of polymerization. Polyester and nylon are some of the most common examples of this...
This article introduces the concept of metallic bonding. It explains various facets related to it by giving some examples. Read on to know more...
Water of Hydration
What is water of hydration or water of crystallization? Read this article to find answers.
Do you want to learn more about the structure, sources and uses of palmitic acid? Read on to learn more...
Balancing Redox Reactions
Balancing redox reactions can be a nightmare for a student trying to pass a chemistry examination. However, the crux here is to get the trick. Once you understand the concept clearly, balancing will not be such a pain in the neck...
Dehydration synthesis refers to the type of reaction, wherein something is formed at the cost of losing water molecule(s) from the reacting substances. Examples of dehydration synthesis reaction are formation of maltose from...
Chemical Energy: Examples of Chemical Energy
In our daily life, there are innumerable examples of chemical energy that are a testimony to the fact that one form of energy can be converted into the other by various means.
Organic Compounds List
Organic compounds are those molecules that are formed from three elements, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. The following article on organic compounds list will help you learn some of organic molecules.
Acrylic acid is a valuable industrial product that is used for various important purposes in chemical factories. In this article, we will know more about its uses.
Redox Reactions - Examples
With the help of various redox reactions examples mentioned in this article, students will find it easier to understand the meaning of redox reactions and the chemical processes occurring in them.
We have all studied about the hexagonal 6 carbon and hydrogen membered aromatic ring of benzene in school. However, how is benzene used and where is benzene used actually? Do we know we come in contact with more benzene than we...
The properties and uses of hydrobromic acid are presented in the following paragraphs. Precautionary measures are also dissuced as inhalation or swallowing of this acid may be very dangerous.
Phosphoric Acid Uses
What are phosphoric acid uses? What is it used for? What is phosphoric acid formula? Given below are the answers to all of these questions and more...
Cadmium sulfide is a compound that has many uses. Given below are details on preparation method, properties and toxicity of this compound...
Endothermic Vs. Exothermic Reactions
Endothermic and exothermic reactions are fundamentally different. This article explains the differences between the two reactions types.
Enzymatic browning is a chemical process that renders food a stale brown color and spoils the quality of the food. Read on to know the details about this chemical reaction.
Organic Compounds - Examples
Organic compounds examples are found all around us, as they form the basis of many products that we use today. Read on, to learn more about these compounds, and to see a brief list of the examples.
Copper Sulfate Uses
What is copper sulfate? What is it used for? Scroll down for information on copper sulfate uses...
Concentration gradient is defined as the variation in the concentration of solute from one region to another in a solution. According to this gradient, molecular diffusion takes place from higher concentration to lower concentration.
Formic Acid - Strong or Weak
This article provides information about the properties of formic acid and deciphers the facts of whether is it a strong or weak acid. Read on to know more.
Chemistry Reference Table
Are you looking for some chemistry reference tables? Then you have come to the right page, since the article given below provides various reference tables useful for performing chemistry experiments and problems.
What is the Boiling Point of Water?
The normal boiling point of water is 100 degrees in Celsius and 212 degrees Fahrenheit, when measured at 1 atmosphere or standard sea level pressure. To understand what factors are responsible for altering water boiling point, read...
Copper Sulfate Crystals
It is an interesting task to prepare copper sulfate crystals at your home, and they are also useful in a variety of industrial purposes. Read on to know more...
Lab Report Format
Are you looking for a lab report format? Here's an article on how to write a correct format for a lab report. Read on...
What are Electrolytes
Important elements in the body that need constant replenishing are electrolytes. Learn about what they are and what role they play for the system.
The sugar crystals are basically sucrose molecules formed as a result of crystallization. Find more about this topic in the following paragraphs.
Water Chemical Properties
Water is a tasteless, odorless, transparent liquid, that forms the most abundant liquid found on earth. Like any other compound, water also has its own set physical and chemical properties. Let's have a look at the chemical...
Why is Water a Polar Molecule
Why is water a polar molecule is a common chemistry question asked by many young students. The unique properties of water make it a polar molecule and the following article will help explain why is water polar.
How to Calculate Molar Mass
If you are flummoxed by molar mass calculations and face conceptual problems concerning it, this article will help you out. Keep reading to know all about the calculation technique.
How to Grow Crystals
Growing crystals at home is a fun and easy project that you can carry out with some easily available supplies. Here is some information on how to grow crystals from salt and sugar, which you can experiment at home itself.
Why does Ice Float
Do you want to try a fun buoyancy experiment? If you have been wondering why ice floats on water, the following article will give you all the answers regarding this natural buoyancy phenomenon.
Potassium Nitrate Uses
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound made up of potassium, nitrogen and oxygen. This article will introduce you to all the potassium nitrate uses.
Silver Nitrate Uses
Silver nitrate is a very useful chemical compound that has many uses, and is also a highly versatile precursor to most of the other silver compounds. Ancient alchemists named silver, as 'luna', thus making silver nitrate, 'lunar...
Glossary of Chemistry Terms and Definitions
Chemistry is a branch of Science that deals with the study of the behavioral attributes of various substances, their chemical composition, their chemical reactions and so on. Read on to find out more about the many terms and...
Muriatic Acid Uses
Muriatic acid uses are many in the industrial sector. It is mainly used in the chemical industry as a chemical reagent. Let's read on further to know more.
Chemistry Experiments for Kids
Kids chemistry experiments are a fantastic way of teaching kids about chemistry through a practical perspective. Keeping that in mind, we have a look at some simple chemistry experiments that children can take account of in the...
Retrograde Condensation Mechanism
Retrograde condensation is used to describe the behavior of binary mixture during isothermal compression above the critical temperature of the mixture. This article will the mechanism.
Collision Theory and Reaction Rates - Explaining the Factors of Collision Theory
This article is an attempt to introducing the basics and explaining factors of collision theory qualitatively. Collision theory and rates of reaction are related by the fundamental fact that all chemical reactions are a result of...
How Does the Collision Theory Work
In order to understand how the collision theory works, one needs to grasp the alignment of atoms that takes place during chemical reactions. The factors that have an effect on the collision theory are temperature and particle...
Chemistry of Acid Rain
Any form of precipitation which is acidic in nature is called acid rain. Acid rain is the result of excessive emissions of sulfur and nitrogen caused by human activity, which reacts with other compounds to form acids. Acid rain has...
How are Crystals Formed?
The glittering crystals have been mesmerizing mankind by their beauty and mysterious healing power throughout the ages. They are formed by a process called crystallization.
Understanding Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes, a carbon allotrope, are the strongest materials known till date. They are widely used in electronic device, microscopes...
Synthetic Lifeforms: What are the Types?
Synthetic life is a multi-disciplinary field in research devoted to the creation of lifelike structures in fields like computational, biochemical, mechanical, or combinations of the three. Scientists working in the field of...
The Internet’s Scientific and Technical References
You need to find the sine of a 29 degree angle, or the atomic weight of calcium. What will you do? The internet contains a wealth of tables, charts, formulas, and detailed explanations related to a variety of scientific and...
Different Branches of Chemistry
Chemistry, a study of the fundamental units of matter, is subdivided into branches that deal with specialized spheres of chemistry. Let us look at the different branches of chemistry.
Types of Chemical Bonds
There are different types of chemical bonding. This article gives an insight into three main types of chemical bonding.
Half Life in Nuclear Chemistry
The half-life of radioactive elements is a part of nuclear chemistry. Half-life occurs naturally in some of the radioactive elements while it could be artificially stimulated in some other elements. This article gives a brief...
Growing Crystals Recipes - How to Make Crystals
Growing crystals are easy and fun recipes. Crystal recipes make great chemistry projects for school children. Read this article to grow crystals at home.
Molecular Manipulation Through Virtual Reality
How would you like to see and feel the intricate structure of complex molecules? High tech models and virtual reality are making this possible.
Ionic bonds are characterized by the complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another, resulting in the formation of two charged particles known as ions, which are held together with the help of electrostatic force. Learn...
Biochemistry is the study of important biomolecules and the chemical reactions that facilitate the daily physiological activities of living organisms. Learn more about this interesting process that occurs within living things.
Chemical Weathering is weathering as a result of chemical reactions. Read on to know more...
How does Soap Work
Read on to know more about the chemical details of the soap and how it actually works...
Uses of Galvanized Steel
Read on to know about galvanized steel and its various uses...
Glass: Material from the Sands of Time
Glass, discovered since 4,500 BC plays an indispensable part in our lives. Right from Cookery, light sources to high-end technologies like computers and cameras, the crucial component is glass. A little insight on the history of...
Electron Emission from Solids (II): Applications
Certain solids can emit electrons when an electric field of an appropriate size and strength is applied to them, or when they are subjected to heat or radiation. Electron microscopes, electron emitters, CRT terminals and television...
Electron Emission from Solids (I): History & Theory
Certain solids emit electrons from their surfaces when subjected to heat (thermionic emission), electromagnetic radiation (photoemission) and/or an electric field (field emission). Much of electronics, including vacuum tubes,...
Crystal Symmetries: Base of Crystallography
The external form of crystals is governed by their atomic structure, which can be described in terms of geometrical rules called symmetry. The symmetry of a crystal is reflected by its external shapes. A brief history regarding the...
Know your Dendrimer
Learn about dendrimers and their properties. Their flexibility ensures that they can be put to use in an array of businesses.
Photoluminescence Spectroscopy: New Technique for Detecting Explosives
Although spectroscopy is an old technique, it has been recently applied to the detection of explosives. This technique helps in identifying the explosive element from the molecules released by exposing a high power laser beam on it...
Although he did not use the word 'atom', Avogadro was one of the first to consider that perhaps particles were composed of molecules and that molecules in their turn were composed of the simpler atoms.
A Primer on Storage Cells
Alkaline Cells, Carbon-Zinc cells, Mercury cells, Zinc-Air cells, Silver Oxide cells, Lead Acid cells, Edison cells, Nicad cells, NiMH and Lithium cells are the most commonly used cells today. A concise look at the fundamentals and...
The Story of Plastics
Nowadays, Plastics are taken so much for granted that it seems quite inconceivable that there was ever a time when they were not quite such familiar objects of daily life.
Warm Water Vibrates for Longer Time
Dutch researcher Arjan Lock has investigated the behavior of vibrating water molecules. Using ultra-short laser pulses, he has found that hydrogen atoms in water molecules vibrate for a longer period of time at higher temperatures...
Along Related Lines