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Chemical pregnancy is a term used to define a pregnancy that ends even before the implantation of the fertilized egg in the lining of the uterus can occur. If a woman takes a pregnancy test, before her periods arrive, she gets a positive result. However, if a woman does not do that, she might not even realize that she was pregnant, and that the pregnancy got terminated. Below are the chemical pregnancy symptoms and causes, explained in detail, followed by the treatment options for the same.

Causes

Although the causes vary, yet there are three very commonly observed reasons why a woman might experience a chemical pregnancy. Firstly, a chromosomal abnormality, which is present when the baby is conceived, prevents the proper development and formation of the baby, resulting in a miscarriage. Secondly, any kind of uterine abnormalities which a woman might have, make implantation difficult, resulting in a miscarriage. Thirdly, hormonal deficiencies in a woman, can make it impossible for the woman to maintain a pregnancy, resulting in a chemical pregnancy and miscarriage.

Symptoms

There are no apparent physical signs in majority of cases. That is why a chemical pregnancy is hard to diagnose. Although, some symptoms, similar to normal pregnancy symptoms, might be experienced by some women, such as sensitive breasts, nausea, vomiting, morning sickness, and tiredness.

Sometimes, in a chemical pregnancy, bleeding from vagina might be experienced, signaling end of pregnancy. If a woman goes in for blood tests, they indicate HCG levels that are going down.

A chemical pregnancy gets terminated very early, so the woman's periods start as usual. However, some woman might experience clots in the menstrual blood, an increased blood flow and very severe abdominal cramping.

Treatment

To diagnose a chemical pregnancy, HCG tests are conducted. After that, an ultrasound is conducted too, to find out whether there are any signs of life inside the uterus. In case of a chemical pregnancy, there is no heartbeat heard or any visible sign of implantation of the embryo, thus, confirming the miscarriage.

Doctors recommend taking a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking certain vitamin supplements, post a miscarriage caused by a chemical pregnancy. If it is caused due to chromosomal defects, they are very hard to treat. However, if it is caused due to a hormonal deficiency or the presence of fibroids in the uterus, they can be dealt with easily and treatments for the same are suggested by doctors to ensure safe and healthy pregnancies in the future.

Chemical pregnancy symptoms are not experienced by all women who go through it, hence it goes unnoticed in majority of cases. That is why, most women do not take any treatment post a chemical pregnancy. However, if a woman is able to identify it, she should get her hCG levels continuously monitored by a doctor for at least a few months following a chemical pregnancy so that they do not keep on falling, as it can prove to be dangerous in case the woman tries to conceive and have a baby again.