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Did You Know?
English is not an official language in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia―the countries where it is the native language.
The history of English goes back in the 5th century A.D., when Germanic tribes had invaded Britain. One of the tribes, Angles, came from "England", from which the words "English" and "England" were derived. Since then, English has gone through various changes as Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English, and Modern English.
Over the last 2,000 years, the language has undergone various grammatical as well as phonological changes. Today, it is the third most-spoken native language after Spanish and Mandarin. It is the primary language of several sovereign states, and is widely learned as a second language in several countries.
English-speaking Countries and Territories
English speakers by country
RANKCOUNTRY/TERRITORYTOTAL POPULATIONTOTAL ENGLISH SPEAKERSENGLISH SPEAKERS (%)
#1Isle of Man84,50084,500100
#2American Samoa55,50055,500100
#3Gibraltar30,00030,000100
#4British Indian Ocean Territory3,0003,000100
#5Barbados285,000280,70098.5
#6United Kingdom64,105,70062,823,50098
#7Ireland4,593,1004,501,20098
#8New Zealand4,546,2004,455,30098
#9Jamaica2,718,0002,650,10097.5
#10Australia23,591,50022,883,80097
#11Bermuda64,20062,30097
#12U.S. Virgin Islands106,400102,100#96
#13Falkland Islands3,0002,90095.5
#14St. Vincent and the Grenadines109,000103,60095
#15United States318,554,000299,440,80094
#16Dominica71,30067,00094
#17Niue1,6001,50094
#18Marshall Islands60,00056,10093.5
#19Palau21,00019,40092.5
#20Anguilla13,50012,40092
#21Pitcairn Islands565092
#22Guam159,400145,10091
#23Grenada103,30094,00091
#24Guyana784,900710,30090.5
#25Netherlands16,863,40015,177,10090
#26Malta416,000370,20089
#27Trinidad and Tobago1,328,0001,162,00087.5
#28Bahamas351,500305,80087
#29Suriname534,200464,80087
#30British Virgin Islands29,50025,70087
#31Sweden9,684,8008,328,90086
#32Denmark5,634,4004,845,60086
#33Canada35,427,50030,290,50085.5
#34Israel8,206,4006,975,40085
#35Vanuatu264,600220,90083.5
#36Sierra Leone6,190,3005,168,90083.5
#37Northern Mariana Islands53,90044,70083
#38Liberia4,397,0003,627,50082.5
#39St. Helena4,0003,30082
#40Belize349,700285,00081.5
#41Singapore5,399,2004,319,40080
#42Antigua and Barbuda86,30069,00080
#43Norfolk Island2,3001,80079.5
#44St. Kitts and Nevis55,00042,90078
#45Cayman Islands55,50042,50076.5
#46Austria8,527,2006,224,90073
#47Cyprus865,800632,00073
#48Finland5,460,5003,822,30070
#49Montserrat5,0005009.5
#50Germany80,716,00051,658,20064
#51Switzerland8,160,9004,978,10061
#52Nauru10,0006,00060
#53Belgium11,202,1006,609,20059
#54Slovenia2,063,6001,217,50059
#55Federated States of Micronesia101,40058,30057.5
#56Philippines100,083,70056,547,30056.5
#57 Luxembourg549,700307,80056
#58Greece11,123,0005,672,70051
#59Estonia1,315,800657,90050
#60Netherlands Antilles227,100113,60050
#61Samoa187,80093,90050
#62Papua New Guinea7,398,5003,699,30050
#63Pakistan188,020,00092,129,80049
#64Croatia4,290,6002,102,40049
#65Puerto Rico3,615,0001,753,30048.5
#66Nepal26,494,50012,319,90046.5
#67Hong Kong7,219,7003,321,10046
#68Latvia1,996,500918,40046
#69Jordan6,618,0002,978,10045
#70Bosnia and Herzegovina3,791,6001,706,22045
#71St. Lucia180,00077,40043
#72Aruba101,50043,10042.5
#73Iran77,652,00032,613,80042
#74Zimbabwe13,061,2005,420,40041.5
#75Cameroon20,386,8008,460,50041.5
#76Lebanon4,966,0001,986,40040
#77Brunei393,200153,30039
#78France65,959,00025,724,00039
#79Botswana2,024,900775,50038
#80Lithuania2,939,4001,117,00038
#81Seychelles91,00034,60038
#82Egypt86,967,00030,438,40035
#83Iraq36,004,50012,601,60035
#84Italy60,762,30020,659,20034
#85Poland38,496,00012,703,70033
#86Solomon Islands581,300183,10031.5
#87South Africa54,002,00016,740,60031
#88Romania19,942,6006,182,20031
#89Tonga103,00030,90030
#90Lesotho2,098,000587,40028
#91Thailand64,456,70017,403,30027
#92Portugal10,477,8002,829,00027
#93Czech Republic10,517,4002,839,70027
#94Slovakia5,415,9001,408,10026
#95Bulgaria7,245,7001,811,40025
#96Kiribati106,50025,60024
#97Spain46,507,80010,231,70022
#98Andorra76,10016,70022
#99Ghana27,043,1005,679,00021
#100Fiji858,000175,90020.5
#101Malaysia30,229,0006,196,90020.5
#102Hungary9,879,0001,975,80020
#103Cook Islands15,0003,00020
#104Kenya45,546,0008,653,70019
#105India1,247,890,000230,859,60018.5
#106Bangladesh156,788,00028,221,80018
#107Madagascar21,263,4003,827,40018
#108Namibia2,113,100359,20017
#109Turkey76,667,80013,033,50017
#110Zambia15,023,3002,403,70016
#111Mauritius1,259,800201,60016
#112Kazakhstan17,285,0002,679,20015.5
#113Rwanda10,537,2001,580,60015
#114Morocco33,347,4004,668,60014
#115Bhutan750,50086,30011.5
#116Cambodia15,184,1001,518,40010
#117Sri Lanka20,277,6002,027,80010
#118Tanzania44,928,9004,492,90010
#119Chile17,773,0001,688,4009.5
#120Yemen25,235,0002,271,1009
#121Uganda35,357,0002,828,6008
#122Brazil202,991,00016,239,3008
#123Algeria38,700,00038,700,0007
#124Argentina42,669,5002,773,5006.5
#125Russia146,068,4008,033,8005.5
#126Mexico119,713,2005,387,1004.5
#127Swaziland1,268,00057,1004.5
#128Colombia47,722,0001,908,9004
#129Malawi16,829,000673,2004
#130Turks and Caicos Islands31,5001,1003.5
#131St. Pierre and Miquelon6,0001803
#132Tokelau1,400403
#133Gambia1,882,50047,1002.5
#134China1,366,130,00013,661,3001
#135Honduras8,555,00042,8000.5
#136Ethiopia87,953,000439,8000.5
#137Dominican Republic10,378,30051,9000.5
#138Guadeloupe405,7002000.1
So, exactly how many countries speak English? Well, to answer that question, it is an official language in 83 countries, and is spoken in 55 other countries.